The 2008 Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey is the sixth round of VHLSS survey conducted by Vietnam General Statistics Office (GSO), previous surveys were conducted in 1992-1993 (VLSS), 1997-1998 (VLSS), 2002 (VHLSS), 2004 (VHLSS) and 2006 (VHLSS).
Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS) has been conducted regularly by the GSO every two years in order to systematically monitor and supervise the living standards of different population groups in Vietnam; to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy; and to contribute to the evaluation of achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vietnam's socio-economic development goals.
The VHLSS 2008 was conducted nation-wide with a sample size of 45,945 households (36,756 households in the income survey and 9,189 households surveyed on both income and expenditure) in 3,063 communes/wards which were representative at national, regional, urban, rural and provincial levels. The survey collected information during two periods in 2008 through face-to-face interviews conducted by interviewers with household heads and key commune officials in communes containing sample enumeration areas.
The survey collects information to be a base for assessment of living standard, poverty and the gap between the rich and the poor serving for policy making, planning and national targeted programs of the party and the State in order to continuously improve the living standard of citizen across the country, in all regions and localities.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
- Individuals (household members)
The scope of the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey 2008 includes:
- Household Identification Particulars, Geographic Location and Interviewer's Information
- Education, Training and Vocational Training
- Health and Health Care
- Agricultural, Forestry and Aqua-cultural Production Activities
- Consumption Expenditure
- Expenditure on Foods and Drinks (expenditure during holidays - last 12 months)
- Daily Expenditure on Foods and Drinks
- Daily Non-food Expenditure and Other Expenditures
- Fixed Assets and Durable Appliances
- Participation in the Poverty Alleviation and Hunger Eradication Program
- Characteristics of Commune
The survey covered all de jure household members (usual residents).
Producers and sponsors
Social and Environmental Statistics Department
General Office of Statistic (GOS)
The World Bank
United National Development Programs
Sample 1: Sample for 2008 living standard survey and for computing weight of consumer price index (CPI). This sample is selected from the master frame designed for VHLSSs in the period 2000-2010 which contains 3,063 communes/wards, 3 areas are selected in each commune/ward from areas of the Population and Housing Census 1999.
Sample size of the Sample 1 includes 45,945 households selected from 3,063 areas of the master sample frame and is divided into 2 types:
- Sample for income and weight of CPI includes 36,756 households to collect information as mentioned above and weight of CPI excluding household's expenditure to assess living standard at national level, regional and provincial/city level as well as to compute weight of CPI. This sample uses Interview form 1A PVH/VHLSS08.
- Sample for income-expenditure includes 9,189 to collect sufficient information for further assessment and analysis of living standard at national and regional level (no information for computing weight of CPI). This sample uses Interview form 1B-PVH/VHLSS08.
Sample 2: Sample only for computing weight of CPI includes 2 parts: Part I includes 9,189 households which are additionally selected from 3,063 areas of Sample 1, 3 households selected from each area; and Part 2 includes 15,000 households selected from 1,000 areas of the Population and Housing Census 1999 apart from the master frame. This sample uses Interview form 1C-PVH/QS08.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
This survey uses two types of questionnaire: questionnaire for commune and questionnaire for household. The questionnaire for household includes: income-expenditure questionnaire (applied for income-expenditure sample) contains all information of the survey; income and CPI's weight questionnaire (applied for income and CPI's weight sample) contains information of the survey and information for computing CPI's weight excluding information on household's expenditure; and questionnaire for CPI's weight (applied for sample from that only information for computing CPI's weight is collected). Questionnaires are designed in details so that it facilitates the recording of interviewers, help avoid the miss of items and increase the consistency among interviewers.
Direct interview is applied in this survey. Interviewers visit households, meet with heads of households and related households' members to interview and record information in questionnaires for households. Head of enumeration team interviews commune's leaders and related local staff and records information on questionnaires for communes. In order to ensure quality of selected information, indirect interview or the copy of information from available sources are not acceptable in this survey.
Users of the data agree to keep confidential all data contained in these datasets and to make no attempt to identify, trace or contact any individual whose data is included in these datasets
The GSO official microdata access policy is available on its website: : www.gso.gov.vn <http://www.gso.gov.vn>
Requests for access to the datasets can be made through the GSO website
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.