The 2001 Population and Housing Census (PHC) is one of the 5-yearly series of PHC reports since 1951. It is the 7th census since Samoa's Independence in 1962. The PHC was designed by the Samoa Bureau of Staistics (SBS) which was originally known as the Department of Statistics (DOS) from 1971-2002 and later on merged with the Ministry of Finance in 2003-2008 underthe Division of Statistical Services.
In the PHC 2001, many questions and indicators were consistent and compatible with previous censuses. A number of new indicators have also been added while some were removed depending on national data needs from statistical stakeholders.
The 2001 Population and Housing Census of Samoa was taken on the midnight of November the 5th 2001. It counted every person in the country on that night and collected a wide range of social, economic and demographic information about each individual and their housing status.
The information were used to develop statistical indicators to support national plannning and policy-making and also to monitor MDG indicators and all other related conventions. This included population growth rates, educational attainment, employment rates, fertility rates, mortality rates, internal movements, household access to water supply, electricity, sanitation, and many other information.
Version 01: Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
Public use file provided by the Samoa Bureau of Statistics http://www.sbs.gov.ws.
The scope of the 2001 Samoa PHC includes:
- Individual demographic characteristics
- Population education
- Population employment
- Population internal movements and migration
- Household housing facilities and accessibility to socio-economic services
Population & Reproductive Health
The PHC 2001 covered all de facto household members, institutional households such as boarding schools, hospitals, prison inmates and expatriats residing in Samoa for more than 3 months. The PHC excluded all tourists visiting Samoa during the enumeration period and all Samoans residing overseas.
Producers and sponsors
Samoa Bureau of Statistics
Government of Samoa
Government of Samoa
Government of Australia
Ministry of Women - Internal Affairs
Village census awareness
Ministry of Education Sports and Culture
Employment of teachers as enumerators and supervisors
Mr Fepuleai Samuelu
Census fieldwork adviser
Mr James Atherton
Census digital mapping
Secretariat for Pacific Communities (SPC)
Census data processing
Deviations from the Sample Design
Not applicable to census-undertaking
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Interviewing was conducted by teams of enumerators. Each interviewing team had a supervisor and field editors comprised of SBS staffs. Each supervisor worked with a team of field editors to check and assist the enumerators work on the field. Four vehicles were used on full-time basis by the field editors on a roster basis to visit their allocated supervisors areas throughout the enumeration week.
The role of the supervisor was to coordinate field data collection activities in their allocated areas, checked the enumerators work, solved refusal problems when arised, and also prepared a summary statistical report of all household members in each household that have been enumerated by the enumerators. These summary reports helped SBS to prepare the Preliminary count of the Population which is normally released within a month after the actual enumeration period or before the normal data processing started.
SBS managed and distributed all supplies and equipment, finances, maps and listings, and also coordinated arrangements for accommodation and travel. Additionally, the SBS field editors worked with the supervisors in checking the enumerators work during and after the enumeration, and then collected and took the completed questionnaires to SBS main office for further office work.
The overall coordination of Supervision was lead by the Assistant Chief Executive Officer(ACEO) of Census-Surveys and her staffs with the executive support given by tthe Census Field Advisor, Government Statistician and the Executive Managers.
Data Collection Notes
The internal training for statistical staffs took place in August 2001 for two weeks. This included the pilot test of the census questionnaires conducted in the villages of Vaigaga in North West Upolu and Pata Falelatai in the Rest of Upolu. The pilot test provided good feedback before the actual questionnaire was finalized and printed.
The trainings for enumerators and supervisors were conducted for seven consecutive weeks from September 03rd to October 19th 2001 after school hours except for the first two school holiday weeks. The Ministry of Education was very helpful in selecting and organising the teachers, training time and training venues for the teams. The villages and schools were also very supportive in providing refreshments in addition to the refreshments provided by the Statistics for the trainings.
Only 2 training teams of 6 people coordinated by 2 main trainers were formed in order to minimize errors. The trainers were: the Government Statistician at the time and the Assistant CEO of Census and Surveys. The Assistant CEO of Economics and Finance, Senior Statisticians and Intermediate Statisticians all assisted and supported the trainings.
The 2 teams were allocated to train an average of 15 enumerators per team for 2 to 3 hours everyday. It was a very tiring process for both teams as daily travelling around Upolu and Savaii were very time-consuming. But a good sense of teamwork was shown and the cooperation and support of teachers was very encouraging.
The enumerators were given an average of 20 households to enumerate. Preliminary enumeration started 7 days prior to census date in order to give enumerators sufficient time to identify and enumerate their allocated households.
On the census night, November 5th 2001, the enumerators were instructed to visit their households again for the last time to reconfirm any changes such as names, births, deaths and migration that have taken place during preliminary enumeration. The office teams travelled around the islands to spot-check the enumerators on the last day of enumeration.
It was amazing when the office received numerous calls from the public reporting the enumerators not turning up to their homes during the preliminary enumeration week and up to that last day. Hence, the staffs worked laboriously during the week up to the closing of the census night to make sure that families raising concerns especially in the urban areas have been contacted and enumerated by their appropriate enumerators.
A few number of Samoan households refused to be counted but after consultations with the office they finally cooperated.
School Inspectors and Teachers
Ministry of Education Sports and Culture
Samoa Bureau of Statistics
Government of Samoa
The PHC 2001 questionnaire was developed on the basis of the previous censuses questionnaires with some modifications and additions. A model questionnaire developed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Commission in Noumea was also used to standardise concepts and defintions. The Questionnaire was designed using the A3 paper size with the Population questions on the front page and the Housing questionnaire at the back page of the A3 paper.
The Population questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various information on household members including age, sex, citizenship, ethnicity, orphanhood, marital status, residence (birth, usual, previous), religion, education and employment.
In the Population questionnaire, a special section was administered in each household for women age 15-49, which also asked information on their children ever born still living, died or living somewhere else. Mothers of children under one year were also asked whether their last born children were still living at the time of the census.
The Housing questionnaire was also administered in each household which collected information on the types of building the household lived, floor materials, wall materials, roof materials, land tenure, house tenure, water supply, drinking water, lighting, cooking fuel, toilet facility, telephone, computer, internet, refrigerator, radio and television.
Confidentiality of respondents is guaranteed by the Statistics Act 1971.
Before being granted access to the dataset, all users have to formally agree:
1. To make no copies of any files or portions of files to which s/he is granted access except those authorized by the data depositor.
2. Not to use any technique in an attempt to learn the identity of any person or establishment not identified on public use data files.
3. To hold in strictest confidence the identification of any establishment or individual that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately brought to the attention of the data depositor.
This statement does not replace a more comprehensive data agreement (see Access condition).
Public Use datasets, accessible under conditions
The dataset has been anonymized and is available as a Public Use Dataset. It is accessible to all for statistical and research purposes only, under the following terms and conditions:
1. The data and other materials will not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of the Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS)
2. The data will be used for statistical and scientific research purposes only. They will be used solely for reporting of aggregated information, and not for investigation of specific individuals or organizations.
3. No attempt will be made to re-identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to the SBS.
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Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Samoa Bureau of Statistics. Samoa Population and Housing Census 2001. Ref. WSM_2001_PHC_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.sbs.gov.ws on [date].