The Census of Population and Housing is a decennial undertaking of the National Statistics Office. The 2000 Census of Population and Housing is the 11th census of population and the 5th census of housing in the Philippines.
Census of Population and Housing refers to the entire process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing, and publishing data about the population and the living quarters in a country. It entails the listing and recording of the characteristics of each individual and each living quarter as of a specified time and within a specified territory.
Census 2000 is designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units in the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. The census of population is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as information about the demographic, social, economic and cultural characteristics. The census of housing, on the other hand, provides information on the supply of housing units, their structural characteristics and facilities which have bearing on the maintenance of privacy, health and the development of normal family living conditions. These information are vital for making rational plans and programs for national and local development.
The Census 2000 aims to provide government planners, policy makers and administrators with data on which to base their social and economic development plans and programs.
May 1, 2000 has been designated as Census Day for the 2000 Census of Population and Housing or Census 2000, on which date the enumeration of the population and the collection of all pertinent data on housing in the Philippines shall refer.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
v02_M: Edited, anonymized dataset for public distribution
The Scope of the Census of Population and Housing includes:
- Individual: Socio-demographic characteristics, age, sex, marital status, religious affiliation, ethnicity, highest grade completed, residence 5 years ago
- Household: Household characteristics, household size, fuel for lighting, fuel for cooking, source of water supply for drinking and cooking, source of water for laundry and/or bathing, tenure status of the housing unit, acquisition of housing unit, source of financing, tenure status of the lot, monthly rental of the housing unit or lot, usual manner of garbage disposal, kind of toilet facility, presence of household conveniences, lnad ownership, language generally spoken in the household, residence five years from now
- Housing: Housing Characteristics, type of building, construction materials of the roof and walls, state of repair, year building/house was built, floor area ofthe housing unit
National Coverage Regions Provinces Cities and Municipalities Barangays
The Census 2000 covered all persons who were alive as of 12:01 a.m. of May 1, 2000 and who are:
- Filipino nationals permanently residing in the Philippines;
- Filipino nationals who are temporarily at sea or are temporarily abroad as of census date;
- Filipino overseas workers as of census date, even though expected to be away for more than a year;
- Philippine government officials, both military and civilian, including Philippine diplomatic personnel and their families, assigned abroad; and
- Civilian citizens of foreign countries having their usual residence in the Philippines or foreign visitors who have stayed or are expected to stay for at least a year from the time of their arrival in this country.
Producers and sponsors
National Statistics Office
National Statistics Office
Various agencies and institutions from the government and private sector
In the Census 2000, there are basically two types of questionnaires to be used for the enumeration of hosueholds memmbers. These are CPH Form 2 or the Common Household Questionnaire and the CPH Form 3 or the Sample Household Questionnaire. There are procedures for selecting those households to whom CPH Form 3 will be administered. All enumerators are required to strictly follow these procedures.
The sampling rate, or the proportion of households to be selected as samples within each EA, varies from one EA to another. It can be either 100%, 20% or 10%. If the sampling rate applied to an EA is 100%, it means that all households in that EA will use CPH Form 3. IF it is 20% or 10%, it means that one-fifth or one-tenth, respectively, of all households will use CPH Form 3 while the rest will use CPH Form 2.
The scheme for the selection of sample households is known as systematic sampling with clusters as the sampling units. Under this scheme, the households in an EA are grouped in clusters of size 5. Clusters are formed by grouping together households that have been assigned consecutive serial numbers as they are listed in the Listing Page.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Field supervision for the Census 2000 commenced right after the last level of training. Throughout the enumeration period NSO field supervisors, DECS personnel (now DepEd) assigned as Census Area Supervisor (CAS) and Team Supervisor (TS), and other agencies assigned as supervisors went to field to supervise the conduct of enumeration and check if the enumerators are at work.
To ensure that the enumeration procedures were done properly, field supervisors including the CAS and the TS were asked to review CPH questionnaires accomplished by the enumerators and then to accomplished CPH Form 13 or the Reinterview/spot-check form.
National Statistics Office
The questionnaires for 2000 Census of Population and Housing were basically patterned from previous censuses except that it should be in Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) format. The basic questionnaires designed for this undertaking were as follows:
CPH Form 1 - Listing Page
This is a sheet wherein all buildings, housing units, households and institutional living quarters within an enumeration area (EA) will be listed. Other information pertaining to the population of households and institutional living quarters will also be recorded in this form.
CPH Form 2 - Common Household Questionnaire
This is the basic census questionnaire, which will be used for interview and for recording information about the common or non-sample households. This questionnaire gathers information on the following demographic and social characteristics of the population: relationship to household head, family nucleus, date of birth, age, birth registration, sex, marital status, religious affiliation, disability, ethnicity, residence five years ago and highest educational attainment. This also gathers information on building and housing unit characteristics.
CPH Form 3 - Sample Household Questionnaire
This is the basic census questionnaire, which will be used for interview and for recording information about the sample households. This questionnaire contains the same question as in CPH Form 2 and additional questions, namely: citizenship, language, literacy, school attendance, type of school, place of school, usual activity/occupation, kind of business/industry, place of work and some items on fertility. It also asks additional questions on household characteristics and amenities and residence five years ago.
CPH Form 4 - Institutional Population Questionnaire
This questionnaire records information about persons considered part of the institutional population. It contains questions on residence status, date of birth, age, sex, marital status, religious affiliation, disability, ethnicity and highest educational attainment.
CPH Form 5 - Barangay Schedule
This questionnaire will gather indicators to update the characteristics of all barangays which will determine its urbanity.
CPH Form 6 - Notice of Listing/Enumeration
This is the sticker that will be posted in a very conspicuous place, preferably in front of the house or gate of the building after listing and interviewing. This sticker indicates that the Building/Housing Unit/Household has already been enumerated.
CPH Form 7 - Common Household Questionnaire Self Administered Questionnaire (SAQ) Instructions
This form contains the detailed instructions on how to fill up/answer CPH Form 2. It will accompany CPH Form 2 to be distributed to households who will answer the form themselves, such as those in designated SAQ areas or those where three callbacks or four visits have been made.
CPH Form 8 - Institutional Population Questionnaire SAQ Instructions
This form describes the instructions on how to accomplish CPH Form 4 - Institutional Population Questionnaire. It will accompany CPH Form 4 to be distributed to head of institutions who will accomplish the form.
CPH Form 9 - Appointment Slip
This form will be used to set an appointment with the household head or any responsible member of the household in case you were unable to interview any one during your first visit or second visit. You will indicate in this form the date and time of your next visit.
Blank Barangay Map
This form will be used to enlarge map of each block of an enumeration area/barangay especially if congested areas are being enumerated.
The main questionnaires were developed in English and were translated to major dialects: Bicol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ifugao, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Tagalog, and Waray.
Processing of census forms consists of manual and machine data processing. Prior to machine processing at Data Capture Center (DCC), census questionnaires were subjected to manual processing done by Census 2000 Provincial Project Staff (PPS 2000) at the provincial office. Manual processing was consists of several activities including the verification of geographic identification and completeness of forms, document preparation and packaging of forms for transmission to respective DCC for the second phase operation. The DCC was primarily created to handle data capture and forms processing to come up with image and text files. These files will be used as input to further processing to come up with the statistical tables.
National Statistics Office
Chief, Databank and Information Services Division
National Statistics Office
This Census conforms to the provisions of confidentiality stated under Section 4 of Commonwealth Act No. 591, which says that the "Data furnished to the Bureau of Census and Statistics (BCS) by an individual, corporation, partnership, institution or business enterprise shall not be used as evidence in any court or in any public office either as evidence against the individual, corporation, association, partnership, institution, or business enterprise from whom such data emanates, nor shall such data or information be divulged to any person except authorized employees of the BCS acting in the performance of their duties, nor shall such data be published except in the form of summaries or statistical tables in which no reference to an individual, corporation, association, partnership, institution or business enterprise shall appear."
Authorization to use this data is granted only to the client or data user and persons within its organization, if applicable. Under no circumstances shall the client reproduce, distribute, sell or lend the entire data or parts thereof to any other data user apart from himself or that of authorized employees in his organization. The NSO shall hold the data user fully responsible for safeguarding the data from any unauthorized access or use.
Before being granted access to the dataset, all users have to formally agree:
1. To make no copies of any files or portions of files to which s/he is granted access except those authorized by the data depositor.
2. Not to use any technique in an attempt to learn the identity of any person, establishment, or sampling unit not identified on public use data files.
3. To hold in strictest confidence the identification of any establishment or individual that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately brought to the attention of the data depositor.
Any report, paper or similar articles, whether or not, emanating from the use of this data shall give appropriate acknowledgement as suggested herin, "2000 Census of Population and Housing, Philippines" as the source of basic data. The data user or client is encouraged to provide the NSO with a copy of such report, paper or article. It is understood that unless expressly allowes by the client, such report, paper or article shall not be used for any purpose other than monitoring.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The National Statistics Office (NSO) gives no warranty that the data are free from errors. Hence, the NSO shall not be held responsible for any loss or damage as a result of the client's manipulation or tabulation of the data.
The data user acknowledges that any available intellectual property rights, including copyright of the data are owned by the Philippines National Statistics Office.
DDI Document ID
Maria Solita C. Vergara
Documentation of the Study
Accelerated Data Program
International Household Survey Network
Editing for the IHSN Survey Catalog
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01: Adopted from "DDI_2000_PHL_CPH_v2_M" DDI that was done by metadata producers mentioned in "Metadata Production" section.