The Macedonia Household Budget Survey (HBS) that State statistical office is carrying out is used for gathering data about income, expenditures and household consumption. However, with this survey there is gathered other more important data for living standard such as housing conditions, the way of heating of the dwelling, the level of supplies with durable goods, minimal financial assets needed for ends meet.
The goal of the Household Budget Survey (HBS) is to gather data about the revenues, expenditures and consumption of the households. Except that, the Survey gathers data about certain important data of the living standards (housing conditions, heating of the apartment-house, supply with permanent consumption goods), as well as basic data about the demographic, economic and sociological characteristics of the households.
The gathered data, using the relevant methods, give the opportunity to realize the level and structure of the personal consumption in the households in general and especially by certain socio-economic categories. The distribution of the households in socio-economic categories enables to realize the existing differences in the level and structure of the personal consumption of the households as a significant material component of the living standards of the population.
Additionally, the data of the survey shall be used for drawing up the weights for calculation of the cost of living index, calculation of the personal consumption balance etc. The data of the survey shall also enable to calculate the poverty lines by household types which are bases for the cash benefits and social assistance.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households and Individuals
The scope of the survey includes:
- general data about the household members;
- amount of the funds used by purpose of consumption (procurement in cash or with loan and value of the in kind consumption);
- quantity of personal consumption products consumed (procured quantities and quantities of own production);
- home and housing conditions;
- possession of permanent consumption goods.
The Household Budget Survey is implemented on the entire territory of the Republic of Macedonia.
Cities and Settlements
All household members
Producers and sponsors
State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia
The survey is conducted on sample of 5040 households on the whole territory of the country, which is about 1% of the total number of households in the country. The frame of the selection are all enumeration districts that contain above 20 households, from Census 2002. The sample is two-stage stratified. Primary sampling units are the enumeration districts and secondary sampling units are the adresses of households.
For the needs of the sample stratification on two levels with the total 16 strata was made:
-Eight geographical regions, NUTS 3;
-Two contingents- urban and rural areas.
In the sample were 210 enumeration districts. The allocation of the sample in the stratas for the first stage is proportionally to the number of households in the region, and in the second stage for each selected enumeration district each quarter 6 households were selected randomly with equal probability. Each quarter were interviewed 1260 households, or 5040 different households on annual level.
The non-response rate for HBS-2008 was 15.0% and the refusal rate was 10.3%
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
In the Survey, there are used two the survey methods: method of carry out of diaries and method of interview on the basis of questionnaire forms. In the Survey, data for incomes are collected for three months, while data for expenditures are collected for 15 days, during which each household make records for expenditures in the diary.
Estimates of Sampling Error
In the estimating procedure of HBS - 2008 year the non-response adjustment has been made on the level of enumeration districts. The errors are calculated as relative errors. All errors calculations were made with statistical package SAS. The estimates in the Households Budget Survey are in the forms of totals and ratios.The domain of estimates is whole country.
ECA Team for Statistical Development
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online)
State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia. Macedonia Household Budget Survey (HBS) 2008 Ref. MKD_2008_HBS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.