World Values Survey Wave 5 2009-2005 covers 58 countries and societies around the world and more than 83,000 respondents. The series includes the following waves:
Wave 6 (2010-2014)
Wave 5 (2005-2009)
Wave 4 (1999-2004)
Wave 3 (1995-1998)
Wave 2 (1990-1994)
Wave 1 (1981-1984)
The World Values Survey (www.worldvaluessurvey.org) is a global network of social scientists studying changing values and their impact on social and political life, led by an international team of scholars, with the WVS association and secretariat headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden. The survey, which started in 1981, seeks to use the most rigorous, high-quality research designs in each country. The WVS consists of nationally representative surveys conducted in almost 100 countries which contain almost 90 percent of the world’s population, using a common questionnaire. The WVS is the largest non-commercial, cross-national, time series investigation of human beliefs and values ever executed, currently including interviews with almost 400,000 respondents. Moreover the WVS is the only academic study covering the full range of global variations, from very poor to very rich countries, in all of the world’s major cultural zones. The WVS seeks to help scientists and policy makers understand changes in the beliefs, values and motivations of people throughout the world. Thousands of political scientists, sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists and economists have used these data to analyze such topics as economic development, democratization, religion, gender equality, social capital, and subjective well-being. These data have also been widely used by government officials, journalists and students, and groups at the World Bank have analyzed the linkages between cultural factors and economic development.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
- v01Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution. All deposited data has been made anonymous at the PI side and the archive deposited files have no means to trace the respondents.
Version history: -v2018-09-12: Current official release General revision, mostly of missing labels. Inclusion of region, town, interview date in some countries when missing and found. Old releases: 2014-04-29
The Survey covers New Zealand.
The WVS for New Zealand covers national population aged 18 years and over, for both sexes.
Producers and sponsors
Paul E. Perry, PhD
Professor Sally Casswell, PhD
Professor Philippa Howden Chapman, PhD
University of Otago
a. The New Zealand Study of Values Postal Survey is based on a one stage probability sample, selected randomly from the New Zealand Electoral Roll. Since the NZ Electoral roll easily allows a one stage sample, the number of Primary Sampling Units would be well over 30.
b. The NZ Electoral Roll contains approximately 2.7 million names of New Zealand electors. All citizens and permanent residents are required by law to place themselves on the roll at age 18. The rolls contain name, age, address, occupation, and a Maori identifier. An electronic version, which we used, is available to legitimate researchers. The electoral roll is a close approximation of a list of all adults (18+) in New Zealand.
c. We limited ourselves to those people under 90 years of age. The roll we drew a random sample from was stratified by 5 year age cohorts and by Parliamentary electorate (geographic areas).
d. We drew a random sample of 2000 names from the roll. We oversampled on those with a Maori identifier, based on well know experience that Maori tend to have a substantially lower level response rate than the population as a whole. We followed the practice from the 1998 NZ Study of Values survey, and drew a number of Maori approximately double the proportion identified on the roll. The proportion with a Maori identifier was 12.8%. We drew a sample that included 23% of those identified as Maori.
e. 1979 Questionnaires (after deleting overseas addresses) were mailed out Nov. 8-9 2004.
f. A second mailing, with a new appeal and a new questionnaire was sent out about November 25, 2004. It was sent only to those not returning a questionnaire. g. A third mailing was sent out about December 7, 2004. This did not include a new questionnaire, but merely a letter sent to those not returning a questionnaire, appealing to them to complete the survey. h . 922 of the final 954 useable surveys had been returned by 24 December 2004. A further 30 odd came in through to February 10, 2005. The final total of 954 useable returned surveys represents a final response rate of 51.7%. This rate was achieved by subtracting 134 from the 1979 posted out (a net sample posting of 1845). The 134 surveys represent those surveys returned to us as a consequence of an incorrect address (return to sender, not at this address) or where we were informed that the person concerned was deceased or overseas. This figure of 134 is probably conservative (if one assumes some incorrect addresses are not returned to sender, but simply thrown in the trash). Thus the response rate in fact is probably higher.
The sample size for New Zealand is N=954 and includes national population aged 18 years and over for both sexes.
The final total of 954 useable returned surveys represents a final response rate of 51.7%.
1979 Questionnaires sent
1845 Net sample posting
134 Incorrect address (return to sender, not at this address), person deceased or overseas.
954 useable returned surveys
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The main method of data collection in the WVS survey is face-to-face interview at respondent’s home / place of residence. Respondent’s answers could be recorded in a paper questionnaire (traditional way) or by CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview). The approval of the Scientific Advisory Committee in writing is necessary for application of any methods of data collection other than face-to-face interview. Following the sampling, each country is left with a representative national sample of its public. These persons are then interviewed during a limited time frame decided by the Executive Committee of the World Values Survey using the uniformly structured questionnaires. The survey is carried out by professional organizations using face-to-face interviews or phone interviews for remote areas. Each country has a Principal Investigator (social scientists working in academic institutions) who is responsible for conducting the survey in accordance with the fixed rules and procedures. During the field work, the agency has to report in writing according to a specific check-list. Internal consistency checks are made between the sampling design and the outcome and rigorous data cleaning procedures are followed at the WVS data archive. No country is included in a wave before full documentation has been delivered. This means a data set with the completed methodological questionnaire and a report of country-specific information (for example important political events during the fieldwork, problems particular to the country). Once all the surveys are completed, the Principal Investigator has access to all surveys and data. Non-response is an issue of increasing concern in sample surveys. Investigators are expected to make every reasonable effort to minimize non-response. In countries using a full probability design, no replacements are allowed. PIs should plan on as many call-backs as the funding will allow. In countries using some form of quota sampling, every effort should be made to interview the first contact.
The Centre for Social and Health Outcomes
The SHORE Centre
The School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work
1. The New Zealand Study of Values postal survey was developed from the 2005 WORLD VALUES SURVEY DRAFT QUESTIONNAIRE, Revised version
2. All variables from the entire NZ Study of Values survey have been sent to you on the SPSS data file (NZValues2004WVS.sav), irrespective of whether items are part of the World Values Survey or not. I have included the requested V1 (survey number) and V2 (Country code) at the start of the data file.
3. Where an item is derived from the WVS I have placed its V_ number at the start of the variable name, followed by the variable name used in the NZ survey. For example V10q2 indicates that this is V10 from the WVS and question 2 from the NZSV questionnaire. If a variable name starts with a V then it is from the WVS draft. If it does not start with a V it is not from the WVS draft we used.
4. We have tried to adhere to the WVS wording and coding as much as possible. The following items are in some way at variance from your wording/coding, as indicated: q6_01-q6_11/V12-V21: Coded as 1 selected and blank, not selected. q21_01,02,04,05,09-12/V38-V47: Coded as 1 selected and blank, not selected XNKIDQ34/V56: Actual no. coded, 0-9, 12 XReligQ85/V147: Different Categories to fit New Zealand q101/V178: Different categories to fit NZ q102_1,6/V179: Different categories to fit NZ; each language coded as a separate variable, 1-6 (as appropriate) or blank if not selected q103.1/V180: Different parties to fit NZ q103.2/V181: Different parties to fit NZ q104_1,11/V182: Different parties to fit NZ; each party coded as a separate variable, 1 selected, or blank, not selected q108/V186: Different categories to fit NZ q111_1,9/V189: Different categories to fit NZ; each category coded as a separate variable, 1 if selected, or blank, if not selected q116_1,5/V194: Each coded as a separate variable, 1-4,9 respectively if selected, or blank if not selected q119/V196: Approximate deciles for NZ Dollars q124/V201: Regions appropriate to NZ q125/V199: Size categories appropriate to NZ
5. I have also attached an electronic copy of the postal questionnaire. It is not the final, final version (I cant locate an electronic copy at the moment but am still trying). The wording, numbering and coding of all the items are correct. All that is different are the front and back covers, and the question number used in filtering on page 35 (Should be GO TO Q100), page 40 (Should be GO TO Q116), and page 43 (Should be GO TO Q 123). If you email me your postal address, I will mail you a hard copy of the actual final questionnaire.
Estimates of Sampling Error
Director of the WVSA Archive
WVSA Data Archive
Inglehart, R., C. Haerpfer, A. Moreno, C. Welzel, K. Kizilova, J. Diez-Medrano, M. Lagos, P. Norris, E. Ponarin & B. Puranen et al. (eds.). 2014. World Values Survey: Round Five - Country-Pooled Datafile Version: www.worldvaluessurvey.org/WVSDocumentationWV5.jsp. Madrid: JD Systems Institute.
Location of Data Collection
World Values Survey
Archive where study is originally stored
World Values Survey http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/WVSContents.jsp Cost: None
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.