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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
Title Food and nutrition security in Romania in the post-accession period
Volume 16
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 11-18
URL http://managementjournal.usamv.ro/pdf/vol.16_2/Art2.pdf
The paper makes an assessment of the food security situation in Romania, several years after the accession to the
European Union. The approach focuses on certain problems regarding food security assurance at national level, as
well as aspects linked to the access to food and the population’s nutritional status. The methodology used is based
on the SWOT analysis of the population’s food and nutrition security. This started from the current approaches to
the food security concept, namely supply availability, supply stability, economic access and food use. In this context,
the paper presents certain vulnerabilities of food security for Romania’s population; among these vulnerabilities, at
the food supply availability level, we can mention the lack of self-sufficiency in certain staple foods, such as meat,
fruit, sugar and fish, in which the systematic deficit is covered by imports. At the same time, the domestic
agricultural production instability, mainly in the case of crop production, raises food security problems. As regards
the access to food, the low incomes and the income gaps by regions and residence areas generate food insecurity for
the low-income population categories, which are most often found in the rural area. At the same time, the deficient
food consumption in quality terms, the high share of calories from cereals and potatoes, as well as the low animal
protein intake generate nutritional risks.

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