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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of International and Area Studies
Title Legacy of Khmer Rouge on skill formation in Cambodia
Volume 21
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 1-19
URL https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/950f/cee3d8f1dae719a48bc99f38437629ce02d3.pdf
This paper explores the effects of the demographic shocks related to the genocide of Khmer Rouge
regime and their implications on skill formation in Cambodia. We found that the mass and targeted
massacre created a deep hole in the middle-aged and the educated. After the end of the regime and the
subsequent transition periods, baby boom followed. This baby-boom generation youth had difficulty in
finding qualified teachers at schools and experienced mentors at workplaces and this led to the breaks
of the intergenerational link of human capital transfer in Cambodia. Unfortunately, the current
curriculum design of the TVET and general education in Cambodia is biased against the skill needs of
the Cambodian labor market. Fixing these problems is an urgent issue for the sustainable development
in Cambodia.

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