|Title||Personalization of bedrooms by urban adolescents in Botswana: Expressing identity and developing place attachment|
This qualitative study investigated how urban adolescents‟ in Botswana
personalized bedrooms to express identity and develop place attachment because identity
development in adolescents is important. Participants living in Gaborone, capital city of
Botswana, were purposively selected from local schools. There were ten (10) non-sharing
urban adolescents aged 14-18 years. Data were collected through the use of a
questionnaire for demographic and background information and semi-structured
questions that guided in-depth interviews. Participants described how personalized
bedrooms expressed their identities and developed attachment to their place.
Adolescent boys had personalized their bedrooms more because they were in
control of the decoration whereas parental control was high for girls. Decorative and
personal items played an important role in identity exploration and commitment. The
items expressed and supported their interests, goals, and values. They were important to
express past self, present self, and future self. Identity emergent themes were
family/social identity, religious identity, gender identity, age identity, current
roles/identity (mainly student identity). In addition to these, boys expressed sport
identity, self image, creative self and achievements. The girls concentrated more on
current roles as students whilst boys were already fully exploring future interests and self.
Themes that emerged in relation to place attachment and personalization were
feeling at home, cultural linkages, and social linkages. Opportunity to be creative,
childhood reminders, expressed identity, and social interactions achieved through
personalization were important in developing place attachment. Participants preferred
their places to others because of the bedroom contents that supported their interests and
goals. The most important items that created place attachment for all the adolescents
were beds. The technology in the boys‟ bedrooms promoted place attachment and place
dependence. Contrary to literature, length of stay at residence was not the primary factor.
Place attachment and place dependence were mainly attributed to privacy, bigger
bedrooms, and enjoyment provided by personal items in the bedroom. The findings
indicated the interplay of personalization on identity and place attachment. Expressed
identities and developed place attachment achieved through personalization were
indicators and outcomes for sense of identity, sense of security, social ties, goal
achievement, emotional bond, and control over a place.
|»||Botswana - AIDS Impact Survey III 2008|