|Type||Journal Article - Bulletin of the World Health Organization|
|Title||Equity trends in ownership of insecticide-treated nets in 19 sub-Saharan African countries|
Objective To examine the change in equity of insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership among 19 malaria-endemic countries in sub-Saharan
Africa before and after the launch of the Cover The Bed Net Gap initiative.
Methods To assess change in equity in ownership of at least one ITN by households from different wealth quintiles, we used data from
Demographic and Health Surveys and Malaria Indicator Surveys. We assigned surveys conducted before the launch (2003–2008) as baseline
surveys and surveys conducted between 2009–2014 as endpoint surveys. We did country-level and pooled multicountry analyses. Pooled
analyses based on malaria transmission risk, were done by dividing geographical zones into either low- and intermediate-risk or high-risk.
To assess changes in equity, we calculated the Lorenz concentration curve and concentration index (C-index).
Findings Out of the 19 countries we assessed, 13 countries showed improved equity between baseline and endpoint surveys and two
countries showed no changes. Four countries displayed worsened equity, two favouring the poorer households and two favouring the richer.
The multicountry pooled analysis showed an improvement in equity (baseline survey C-index: 0.11; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.10 to 0.11;
and endpoint survey C-index: 0.00; 95% CI: −0.01 to 0.00). Similar trends were seen in both low- and intermediate-risk and high-risk zones.
Conclusion The mass ITN distribution campaigns to increase coverage, linked to the launch of the Cover The Bed Net Gap initiative, have
led to improvement in coverage of ITN ownership across sub-Saharan Africa with significant reduction in inequity among wealth quintiles.
|»||Tanzania - HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey 2011-2012|