The purpose of this study is to examine gender difference in self-rated health among older population in India. Data from the 60th round of National Sample Survey Organization on 34,831 older persons are used. The present study measured self-rated health categorized as “poor” and “good.” We used bivariate and binary logistic regression model to investigate differences and factors that best explain and predict the self-rated health among older persons. Results show that poor self-rated health was more common among women than men. Furthermore, the poor self-rated health was higher among Muslims, Scheduled Castes, and women residing in rural areas. Findings suggest a clear need for gender-sensitive health interventions.