The current round of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) is an expansion of the Household Income Surveys (HIS) from previous years, which did not include consumption sections. Previous rounds of the survey were conducted in 1991-92, and in 1995-96.
The current round of the HIES differs from previous surveys that have been carried out in Bangladesh. Instead of focusing only on a few areas, for instance health or labor force participation, the HIES 2000 will gather information on a variety of areas. This questionnaire is more ambitious and complex than earlier ones, and will collect data on demographics, housing, education, health, employment, income and economic activities, and consumption. This will allow the study of data on one area in conjunction with data on other areas; for instance, data from the survey can be used to study the impact of education on health or on employment. Understanding the interaction and linkages between different aspects of a household's life will enable the government to design more effective development policies and programs. The name of the survey has accordingly also been changed from HES to HIES (Household Income and Expenditure Survey).
A second distinctive feature is that a community questionnaire is also administered in addition to the household questionnaires. The community questionnaire, which will be administered in all Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) in rural areas, collects information on characteristics of the community, facilities and amenities available. This information will help in studying the information collected at the household level. For instance, as a result of collecting data through both the household and community questionnaires, enrollment rates in different parts of the country can be related to accessibility of schools, or farm income and agricultural practices related to the quality of local infrastructure and availability of agricultural inputs, etc. The study of such interrelationships between household outcomes and community factors is a particularly important one from a policy perspective.
A third distinctive feature is the use of personal computers for data entry in the field. The data collected in a PSU will be entered into a personal computer while the team is still in that PSU, instead of being sent back to the central office for data entry. The data entry program used for the survey will allow interviewers and supervisors to check if there are any mistakes or missing data. In addition, the program will also check whether information from one part of the interview matches information from other parts. When problems or errors are found, the interviewers can return to the households to correct these inconsistencies or mistakes. This process of entering, checking and correcting data through the use of computers in the field will help ensure that the data collected is accurate and of high quality.
The Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) is one of the core survey activities carried out by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). The main objective of the HIES is to collect data from the households located in Bangladesh to allow the government to conduct research on issues of policy interest, monitor progress in national living standards and nutritional status, formulate appropriate policies related to poverty reduction, and to evaluate the impact of various policies and programs on the living conditions of the population. Data from the survey is also used to estimate budget shares for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and to update the System of National Accounts.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, individuals, and communities
The scope of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2000 includes:
HOUSEHOLD: Household information roster, housing, education, health, economic activities and wage employment, non-agricultural enterprises, agricultural enterprises, other income and assets, consumption
COMMUNITY: General information and economic activities, agriculture and agricultural production, facilities, physical and social infrastructure, natural impact, prices and wages.
The sample of households was selected in two stages. At the first step, 442 Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) were selected throughout the country. At the second stage, within each selected PSU, households were selected for interviews.
The overall sample for the country is divided into 14 strata or groups: (i) rural areas, (ii) urban municipalities, and (iii) statistical metropolitan areas (SMAs) in each of the 5 divisions are considered as a separate group (there are no SMAs in the Barishal Division). Within each PSU, 20 households will be interviewed, except in all Statistical Metropolitan Areas (SMAs), where only 10 households will be interviewed in each PSU. Overall, a total of 7,440 households were to be interviewed for the HIES 2000.
Some details are found in the Technical Documents (Field Operations Manual).
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
After PSUs to be covered in the HIES 2000 were selected, they were located on a map and assigned to various field teams in a manner so as to balance workload and travel time across each team. Overall, there were 31 teams, with each team assigned PSUs in one area in the country. The team worked in 1 PSU each month except in SMAs where, on account of the lower number of households per PSU, 2 PSUs were covered per month. Each team consisted of a supervisor, two interviewers, and two female facilitators:
The supervisor was tasked to oversee, coordinate, monitor, and, where necessary, correct the work of the interviewers. In addition, the supervisor was responsible for administering the community questionnaire.
The interviewers were responsible for collecting the data from selected households in each PSU using the household questionnaire, and for entering data from the household and community questionnaires into computers.
The female facilitators, 2 educated women resident in each selected PSU, accompanied the interviewers during their household visits to ease their access to the family, help in better understanding of local customs and dialects, as well as in administered certain parts of the questionnaire, such as the daily food consumption section, etc.
Details of field staffing and survey plan are found in the Technical Documents (Field Operations Manual).
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Two questionnaires were used:
Household questionnaire (HIES Q-1) and Community Information Schedule (HIES Q-3)
Data editing was done after the interviewing was completed each day, and during data entry at the PSU level.
Details of data entry and validation are found in the Technical Documents (Field Operations Manual).
The dataset has been anonymized and is available as a Public Use Dataset. It is accessible to all for statistical and research purposes only, under the following terms and conditions:
1. The data and other materials will not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
2. The data will be used for statistical and scientific research purposes only. They will be used solely for reporting of aggregated information, and not for investigation of specific individuals or organizations.
3. No attempt will be made to re-identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
4. No attempt will be made to produce links among datasets provided by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, or among data from the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
5. Any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports, or other publications that employ data obtained from the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics will cite the source of data in accordance with the Citation Requirement provided with each dataset.
6. An electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
The original collector of the data, the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, and the relevant funding agencies bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2000. Dataset downloaded from <http://www.bbs.gov.bd/Home.aspx> on [date].
The user of the data acknowledges that the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, the International Household Survey Network, and The World Bank bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Fe Vida Dy-Liacco
Accelerated Data Program Asia
Conversion to DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (May 2011) This version adds/edits information to version 01_M, specifically on Study Description, literal/pre/post questions, category labels, and variable documentation (Statistics, Weights, Definitions).