The objective of the MICS 2009 was to provide data on children and women related to several MDG indicators at the sub-district (upazila) level to determine the performance at this level in achieving the MDG goals. As such a composite index has been prepared using nine MDG indicators related to children and women. The districts and upazilas were ranked according to their performance in light of the value of the MDG composite index.
More precisely, the 2009 Bangladesh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey had four objectives:
- To provide up-to-date and disaggregated information to assess the situation of children and women in Bangladesh
- To provide the data needed to monitor progress towards the achievement of the MDGs as a basis for future action
- To set a baseline for the government at national, district and upazila levels to better assess progress towards achieving the MDGs with equity by 2015 in Bangladesh
- To provide detailed thematic and geographic social sector information that will facilitate prioritization, and better targeting of future investments in the context of the five-year development plan that is being prepared by the government.
The survey was the first attempt ever in Bangladesh by a national household survey to collect data at the sub-district level for a number of key social sector indicators covering the education, environment, health and child protection sectors.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household, women, child
National coverage; the sample is representative at the district level.
Unit of Analysis
Household, women, child
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Bureau of Statistics
United Nations Children Fund
Design of MICS survey instrument
The sample for the Bangladesh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates on indicators on the situation of children and women for urban and rural areas, at the national, district and upazila levels. Upazilas were selected as the main sampling domains and the sample was selected in two stages. Within each upazila, 26 census enumeration areas (EA) were selected with probability proportional to size. Within each EA, a segment of 20 households was drawn randomly for survey. The sample was stratified by upazila and is not self-weighting. For reporting national and district level results, sample weights were used.
Of the 300,000 households selected for the sample, 299,988 were found to be occupied. Of these, 299,842 were interviewed successfully for a household response rate of 99.9 per cent. In those households interviewed, 336,287 women (age 15-49) were identified. Of these, 333,201 were interviewed, yielding a response rate of 99.1 per cent. In addition, 140,860 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Questionnaires were completed for 139,588 children, corresponding to a response rate of 99.1 per cent. An overall response rate of 99.0 per cent was achieved for women and for children under the age of five. According to the survey design, water samples were to be collected from 15,000 households for arsenic testing. Some 14,111 water samples were tested, of which 13,301 had correct area codes for the data analysis. This corresponds to an arsenic test rate of 88.6 per cent.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Type of Research Instrument
The three questionnaires used in the survey can be seen in Annex D. In addition to a household questionnaire used to collect information on all household members, questionnaires were administered in each household to women aged 15-49. Mothers or caretakers of children under the age of five were identified in each household, and were interviewed on the indicators related to that age group. The questionnaires included the following modules:
- Household listing
- Water and sanitation, including water sample collection for arsenic testing
Questionnaire for individual women
- Child mortality
- Attendance at delivery
- HIV and AIDS
Questionnaire for Children Under Five
- Birth registration
- Early learning
The questionnaires are based on the MICS3 model questionnaire developed by UNICEF Headquarters. The questionnaires were translated into Bangla from the English version and pre-tested in March 2009. Modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires on the basis of the pre-test results.
Data were entered on 64 microcomputers using the CSPro software. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programmes developed under the global MICS3 project and adapted to the Bangladesh questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing was concluded in October 2009.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.