Belize is one of the countries in Latin America that was not included in the World Fertility Survey, the Contraceptive Prevalence Survey project, or the Demographic and Health Survey program during the 1970's and 1980's. As a result, data on contraceptive prevalence and the use of maternal and child health services in Belize has been limited. The 1991 Family Health Survey was designed to provide health professionals and international donors with data to assess infant and child mortality, fertility, and the use of family planning and health services in Belize.
The objectives of the 1991 Family Health Survey were to:
- obtain national fertility estimates;
- estimate levels of infant and child mortality;
- estimate the percentage of mothers who breastfed their last child and duration of breastfeeding;
- determine levels of knowledge and current use of contraceptives for a variety of social and demographic background variables and to determine the source where users obtain the methods they use;
- determine reasons for nonuse of contraception and estimate the percentage of women who are at risk of an unplanned pregnancy and, thus, in need of family planning services; and
- examine the use of maternal and child health services and immunization levels for children less than 5 years of age and to examine the prevalence and treatment of diarrhea and acute respiratory infections among these children.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Central Statistical Office (CS))
Ministry of Finance
Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control
United States Agency for International Development
The 1991 Belize Family Health Survey was an area probability survey with two stages of selection. The sampling frame for the survey was the quick count of all households in the country conducted in 1990 by the Central Statistical Office in preparation for the 1991 census. Two strata, or domains, were sampled independently: urban areas and rural areas. In the first stage of selection for the urban domain, a systematic sample with a random start was used to select enumeration districts in the domain with probability of selection proportional to the number of households in each district. In the second stage of selection, households were chosen systematically using a constant sampling interval (4.2350) across all of the selected enumeration districts. The enumeration districts selected for the rural domain were the same as those that had been selected earlier for the 1990 Belize Household Expenditure Survey. The second stage selection of rural households was conducted the same way it was for the urban domain but used a constant sampling interval of 2.1363. In order to have a self-weighting geographic sample, 3,106 urban households and 1,871 rural households were selected for a total of 4,977 households.
Only one woman aged 15-44 per household was selected for interview. Each respondent's probability of selection was inversely proportional to the number of eligible women in the household. Thus, weighting factors were applied to compensate for this unequal probability of selection. In the tables presented in this report, proportions and means are based on the weighted number of cases, but the unweighted numbers are shown.
Of the 4,977 households selected, 4,566 households were visited. Overall, 8 percent of households could not be located, and 7 percent of the households were found to be vacant. Less than 3 percent of the households refused to be interviewed. Fifty-five percent of sample households includeed at least one woman aged 15-44. Complete interviews were obtained in 94 percent of the households that had an eligible respondent, for a total of 2,656 interviews. Interview completion rates did not vary by residence.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.