National Sample Survey 2009-2010 (66th round) - Schedule 10 - Employment and Unemployment
Labor Force Survey [hh/lfs]
The 66th round (July 2009-June 2010) of NSS is earmarked for survey on "Household Consumer Expenditure" and "Employment and Unemployment". The survey on "household consumer expenditure" and "employment and unemployment" is the eighth quinquennial survey in the series, the last one being conducted in the 61st round (2004-2005) of NSS.
The survey on employment and unemployment is the prime source of statistical indicators and estimates of various parameters of labour force and activity participation of the population. The first quinquennial survey on employment - unemployment, carried out by the NSSO in the 27th round (September 1972 - October 1973), made a marked departure from the earlier employment surveys of NSSO in procedure and content. The concepts and procedures followed in this survey were primarily based on the recommendations of the 'Expert Committee on Unemployment Estimates' (1970). Since then, the six successive quinquennial surveys conducted in the 32nd, 38th, 43rd, 50th, 55th and 61st rounds have, more or less, followed an identical approach in the measurement of employment and unemployment. The basic approach in all these six quinquennial surveys have been the collection of data to generate the estimates of employment and unemployment according to the "usual status" based on a reference period of one year, the "current weekly status" based on a reference period of one week, and the "current daily status" based on each day of the seven days preceding the date of survey. In order to reveal the multi-dimensional aspects of the employment-unemployment situation in India, information on several correlates were also gathered in these surveys. Sets of probing questions on some of these aspects have also been one of the basic features of these surveys. The eighth quinquennial survey on employment-unemployment is to be carried out along with the surveys on household consumer expenditure during the 66th round survey operations (July 2009 - June 2010) of the NSSO.
A Working Group was set up for the purpose of finalising the survey methodology and schedules of enquiry of the 66th round. Considering all the aspects of current data demand and usefulness of the survey results, the Group has suggested a few improvisations, additions and deletions in the content of the schedule of enquiry for the present survey. The major changes made in the schedule for employment and unemployment survey vis-à-vis the previous quinquennial survey (NSS 61st round) are given below:
a) Instead of collecting information on number of members who got work for at least 60 days in public works during last 365 days, in the household characteristics block, a few questions will be put to the rural households for collection of information related to NREG works, such as "whether the household has NREG job card", "whether got work in NREG works during last 365 days", "number of days worked" and "mode of payment of the wages earned in NREG works".
b) At the request of Department of Posts, Government of India, information on a few items related to holding of some specified Post Office accounts and use of some specified postal services will be collected in the household characteristics block.
c) Information on "whether the household member is a beneficiary of the specified schemes", such as, "Annapurna", "ICDS","mid-day meal", and "food for work", will not be collected.
d) Information on "whether currently registered with employment exchanges" will be collected for all persons of age 15 to 45 years instead of persons of age below 65 years earlier.
e) The information on "whether receiving/received any vocational training? will be collected for persons of age 15 to 59 years, instead of persons of age 15 to 29 years. Besides collecting information on "source from where degree/diploma/certificate received?, "duration of training? and "field of training? from those who have received or are receiving "formal vocational training, as was done in NSS 61st round, information on "whether the vocational training was ever helpful in getting a job? will be collected from those who have received formal vocational training
f) Information on "voluntary participation without remuneration in production of goods and services? will not be collected in this round.
g) Some probing questions, similar to those canvassed in NSS 55th round, have been re-introduced to the self-employed persons in usual status to identify Home Based Workers (HBW). This time, this information will be collected for the self-employed engaged in non-agriculture sector as well as for those engaged in agricultural sector excluding only growing of crops, market gardening, horticulture (i.e., NIC-2004 code 011) and growing of crops combined with farming of animals (i.e., NIC-2004 code 013). Besides, the codes and its the description for "location of the enterprise? in which they are engaged, have been suitably modified to facilitate the generation of information on HBW according to the recommendation of the Independent Group on Home-Based Workers in India.
h) NIC-2004 will be used for collection and recording of household principal industry and industry of work of household members. It is important to note that the industry Divisions 96 and 97 of NIC-2004 will not be used for the purpose of collection of information on industry of activity. The entire activities described under Division 97 are not under the production boundary of ISNA and are not also considered as economic activities in the employment and unemployment surveys of NSSO. A part of the activities under Division 96 (viz. hunting and gathering, farming and the production of shelter), which is within the production boundary of ISNA, is also considered as economic activities in NSS surveys and the industry of these undifferentiated activities will be judged in the usual manner as is done now, by considering the industry in which major time is spent. Thus, this part of activities will get classified against the respective industries under divisions 01-14 relating to the primary sector or 45 relating to construction. The rest of Division 96 is outside the production boundary of ISNA and will not be considered as economic activity for the NSS survey.
i) Information on household principal occupation and on the type of occupation for the workers according to usual status and current status will be collected using 3-digit NCO-2004 codes.
j) It is to be noted that the activity status code 41 (casual wage labour in public works) has been split into two codes for assigning activity status codes as per current daily activity status and current weekly activity status, as follows:
a) worked as casual wage labour in public works other than National Rural Employment Guarantee (NREG) works - 41.
b) worked as casual wage labour in National Rural Employment Guarantee (NREG) works - 42.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Stata version of the ASCII dataset published by the NSSO and the Computer Centter.
- Employment and unemployment
The survey covers the whole of the Indian Union except (i) interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of the bus route and (ii) villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remain inaccessible throughout the year.
For Leh (Ladakh) and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir there is no separate sample first-stage units (FSUs) for "central sample". For these two districts, sample FSUs drawn as "state sample" will also be treated as central sample. The state directorate of economics and statistics (DES) will provide a copy of the filled-in schedules to Data Processing Division of NSSO for processing.
Producers and sponsors
National Sample Survey Organization
Government of India
Outline of sample design:
A stratified multi-stage design has been adopted for the 66th round survey. The first stage units (FSU) are the 2001 census villages (Panchayat wards in case of Kerala) in the rural sector and Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks in the urban sector. In addition, two non-UFS towns of Leh and Kargil of Jammu & Kashmir are also treated as FSUs in the urban sector. The ultimate stage units (USU) are households in both the sectors. In case of large FSUs, one intermediate stage of sampling is the selection of two hamlet-groups (hgs)/ sub-blocks (sbs) from each rural/ urban FSU.
Sampling Frame for First Stage Units:
For the rural sector, the list of 2001 census villages (henceforth the term "village" would mean Panchayat wards for Kerala) constitutes the sampling frame. For the urban sector, the list of latest available UFS blocks is considered as the sampling frame. For non-UFS towns, frame consists of the individual towns (only two towns, viz., Leh & Kargil constitute this frame).
Within each district of a State/ UT, generally speaking, two basic strata have been formed: i) rural stratum comprising of all rural areas of the district and (ii) urban stratum comprising of all the urban areas of the district. However, within the urban areas of a district, wherever there are one or more towns with population 10 lakhs or more as per population census 2001 in a district, each of them forms a separate basic stratum and the remaining urban areas of the district are considered as another basic stratum.
There is no sub-stratification in the urban sector. However, to net adequate number of child workers, for all rural strata, each stratum has been divided into 2 sub-strata as follows:
sub-stratum 1: all villages with proportion of child workers (p) >2P (where P is the average
proportion of child workers for the sate/ UT as per Census 2001)
sub-stratum 2: remaining villages
Total sample size (FSUs):
12784 FSUs for central sample and 15132 FSUs for state sample have been allocated at all-India level. Further, data of 24 state sample FSUs of Leh and Kargil districts of J & K surveyed by DES, J & K will be included in the central sample
Allocation of total sample to States and UTs:
The total number of sample FSUs is allocated to the States and UTs in proportion to population as per census 2001 subject to a minimum sample allocation to each State/ UT. While doing so, the resource availability in terms of number of field investigators has been kept in view.
Allocation of State/ UT level sample to rural and urban sectors:
State/ UT level sample size is allocated between two sectors in proportion to population as per census 2001 with double weightage to urban sector subject to the restriction that urban sample size for bigger states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu etc. should not exceed the rural sample size. A minimum of 16 FSUs (to the extent possible) is allocated to each state/ UT separately for rural and urban areas. Further the State level allocations for both rural and urban have been adjusted marginally in a few cases to ensure that each stratum/ sub-stratum gets a minimum allocation of 4 FSUs.
Allocation to strata/ sub-strata:
Within each sector of a State/ UT, the respective sample size is allocated to the different strata/ sub-strata in proportion to the population as per census 2001. Allocations at stratum/ sub-stratum level are adjusted to multiples of 4 with a minimum sample size of 4 and equal number of samples has been allocated among the four sub rounds.
Selection of FSUs:
For the rural sector, from each stratum/ sub-stratum, required number of sample villages has been selected by probability proportional to size with replacement (PPSWR), size being the population of the village as per Census 2001. For urban sector, from each stratum FSUs have been selected by using Simple Random Sampling Without Replacement (SRSWOR). Both rural and urban samples have been drawn in the form of two independent sub-samples.
More information on sampling and estimation procedure is available in the document " Note on Sample Design and Estimation Procedure of NSS 66th Round". including information on:
- Formation and selection of hamlet-groups/ sub-blocks
- Listing of households
- Formation of second stage strata and allocation of households
- Selection of households
- Estimation Procedure
See document " Note on Sample Design and Estimation Procedure of NSS 66th Round"
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The period of survey is of one year duration starting on 1st July 2009 and ending on 30th June 2010. The survey period of this round is divided into four sub-rounds of three months' duration each as follows:
- sub-round 1 : July - September 2009
- sub-round 2 : October - December 2009
- sub-round 3 : January - March 2010
- sub-round 4 : April - June 2010
During this round, the following schedules of enquiry were canvassed:
- Schedule 0.0 : list of households
- Schedule 1.0 : consumer expenditure (Type 1 and Type 2)
- Schedule 10 : employment and unemployment
In the present round, Schedule 10 on employment-unemployment consists of 16 blocks.
The first three blocks, viz. Blocks 0, 1 and 2, are used to record identification of sample households and particulars of field operations, as is the common practice in usual NSS rounds. The last two blocks, viz., Blocks 10 and 11 are to record the remarks of investigator and comments by supervisory officer(s), respectively.
Block 3 will be used for recording the household characteristics, like household size, religion, social group, land possessed, land cultivated, etc. For the rural households information will also be collected, in Block 3, on whether the household has NREG job card, whether got work in NREG works during the last 365 days, number of days got work in NREG works and mode of payment of the wages earned in NREG works. Besides, some particulars about holding of specified Post Office accounts and use of specified Postal services will also be collected in this block.
Block 3.1 is for recording particulars of indebtedness of rural labour households.
Block 4 will be used for recording the demographic particulars and attendance in educational institutions of the household members. Particulars of vocational training being received/received by the household members will also be collected in this block.
In Block 5.1, particulars of usual principal activity of all the household members will be recorded along with some particulars of the enterprises in which the usual status workers (excluding those in crop and plantation activities) are engaged. In this block information for all the workers about the location of workplace will also be collected. For the self-employed persons who are working under specifications (wholly or mainly), information will also be collected about "who provided credit/raw materials/equipments", "basis of payment" and "number of outlets of disposal". Information on informal employment will also be collected in Block 5.1. Similarly, the particulars of one subsidiary economic activity of the household members along with some particulars of the enterprises, informal employment and details of the self-employed persons in their subsidiary activity will be recorded in Block 5.2. The daily time disposition for the seven days preceding the date of survey along with the corresponding activity particulars will be recorded for each household member in Block 5.3. Besides this, the current weekly status (CWS) will be derived from the daily time disposition data and will be recorded in this block. As in the past, wage and salary earnings and mode of payment will also be collected for regular salaried/wage employees and for the casual labourers in this block.
Block 6 will be used to record the responses to the probing questions to the persons who were unemployed on all the seven days of the reference week.
Blocks 7.1 and 7.2 contain the probing questions which are related to the under-utilisation of labour time and labour mobility, respectively.
For the members of the household classified as engaged in 'domestic duties' as per their usual principal status, some follow-up questions have been framed and listed in Block 8, with a view to collecting some additional information which might explain as to whether their usual attachment to domestic duties was voluntary or involuntary and also to throw light on their participation in some specified activities for family gain.
A worksheet to obtain the total monthly household consumer expenditure has been provided in Block 9.
Ministry of Statstics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Validated unit level data relating to various survey rounds are available on CD-ROMS which can be obtained from the Deputy Director General, Computer Centre, M/O Statistics and PI, East Block No. 10 R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110066. Visit http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/site/home.aspx for more informatoin.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.