The survey covered the whole of the Indian Union except (i) Leh (Ladakh) and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir, (ii) interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of the bus route and (iii) villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remain inaccessible throughout the year.
Unit of Analysis
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
National Sample Survey Organisation
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
Outline of sample design: A stratified multi-stage design has been adopted for the 60th round survey. The first stage units (FSU) will be the 1991 census villages in the rural sector and Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks in the urban sector. The ultimate stage units (USU) will be households in both the sectors. In case of large villages/blocks requiring hamlet-group (hg)/sub-block (sb) formation, one intermediate stage will be the selection of two hgs/sbs from each FSU.
Sampling Frame for First Stage Units: For the rural sector, the list of Census 1991 villages (panchayat wards for Kerala) and Census 1981 villages for J & K will constitute the sampling frame. For the urban sector, the list of latest available Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks will be considered as the sampling frame.
Rural sector: Two special strata will be formed at the State/ UT level, viz.
Stratum 1: all FSUs with population between 0 to 50 and
Stratum 2: FSUs with population more than 15,000.
Special stratum 1 will be formed if at least 50 such FSUs are found in a State/UT. Similarly, special stratum 2 will be formed if at least 4 such FSUs are found in a State/UT. Otherwise, such FSUs will be merged with the general strata.
From FSUs other than those covered under special strata 1 and 2, general strata will be formed and its numbering will start from 3. Each district of a State/UT will normally be treated as a separate stratum. However, if the census rural population of the district is greater than or equal to 2.5 million as per population census 2001 or 2 million as per population census 1991, the district will be split into two or more strata, by grouping contiguous tehsils to form strata. However, in Gujarat, some districts are not wholly included in an NSS region. In such cases, the part of the district falling in an NSS region will constitute a separate stratum.
Urban sector: In the urban sector, strata will be formed within each NSS region on the basis of size class of towns as per Population Census 2001. The stratum numbers and their composition (within each region) are given below.
stratum 1: all towns with population less than 50,000
stratum 2: all towns with population 50,000 or more but less than 2 lakhs
stratum 3: all towns with population 2 lakhs or more but less than 10 lakhs
stratum 4, 5, 6,...: each town with population 10 lakhs or more
The stratum numbers will remain as above even if, in some regions, some of the strata are not formed.
Total sample size (FSUs): 7612 FSUs have been allocated at all-India level on the basis of investigator strength in different States/UTs for central sample and 8260 for state sample.
Allocation of total sample to States and UTs: The total number of sample FSUs is allocated to the States and UTs in proportion to provisional population as per Census 2001 subject to the availability of investigators ensuring more or less uniform work-load.
Allocation of State/UT level sample to rural and urban sectors: State/UT level sample is allocated between two sectors in proportion to provisional population as per Census 2001 with 1.5 weightage to urban sector subject to the restriction that urban sample size for bigger states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu etc. should not exceed the rural sample size. Earlier practice of giving double weightage to urban sector has been modified considering the fact that there has been considerable growth in urban population. A minimum of 8 FSUs will be allocated to each state/UT separately for rural and urban areas.
Allocation to strata: Within each sector of a State/UT, the respective sample size will be allocated to the different strata in proportion to the stratum population as per census 2001. Allocations at stratum level will be adjusted to a multiple of 4 with a minimum sample size of 4.
Selection of FSUs: FSUs will be selected with Probability Proportional to Size With Replacement (PPSWR), size being the population as per Population Census 1991 in all the strata for rural sector except for stratum 1. In stratum 1 of rural sector and in all the strata of urban sector, selection will be done using Simple Random Sampling Without Replacement (SRSWOR). Within each stratum, samples will be drawn in the form of two independent sub-samples in both the rural and urban sectors.
Note: Detail sampling procedure is provided as external resource.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Sub round 1
Sub round 2
Mode of data collection
Type of Research Instrument
Schedule 1.0 - Consumer Expenditure
Schedule 1.0 has been split into several blocks to obtain detailed information on the expenditure incurred on domestic consumption and other particulars of the sample household.
- Block 0 - Descriptive identification of sample household: This block is meant for recording descriptive identification particulars of a sample household.
- Block 1- Identification of sample households: This block is meant for recording the identification particulars of the sample FSU in terms of codes or numbers.
- Block 2- Particulars of field operations: The identity of the Investigator, the Assistant Superintendent and the Superintendent associated with the work, date of survey/inspection/scrutiny of schedules, date of despatch, etc., have been recorded in this block against the appropriate items in the relevant columns.
- Block 3- Household characteristics: The characteristics to be recorded in this block are mainly intended to be used to classify the households for tabulation.
- Block 4- Demographic and other particulars of household members: All members of the sample household will be listed in this block. Demographic particulars (relation to head, sex, age, marital status and general education) and number of meals taken will be recorded for each member using one line for one member.
- Block 5- Consumption of cereals, pulses, milk, sugar and salt during the last 30 days: In this block information on consumption of each item of cereals, pulses, milk, sugar and salt by the household will be collected for a reference period of 30 days preceding the date of survey in both types of schedule.
- Block 6- Consumption of edible oil, egg, fish and meat, vegetables, fruits, spices, beverages and processed food and pan, tobacco and intoxicants during the last 30/7 days: The information on consumption of edible oil, egg, fish and meat, vegetables, fruits, spices, beverages and processed food and pan, tobacco and intoxicants will be collected through this block.
- Block 7- Consumption of fuel & light during the last 30 days: In this block of both Schedule type 1 and Schedule type 2, information on consumption of fuel and light for the household during the last 30 days, prior to the date of survey, will be collected.
- Block 8- Consumption of clothing, bedding, etc. during the last 365 days: In this block, information on quantity and value of consumption of all items of clothing will be collected. The information in this block is required to be collected for a reference period of last 365 days. Consumption of clothing is defined as an item of clothing being brought into first-use.
- Block 9- Consumption of footwear during the last 365 days
- Block 10- Expenditure on education and medical (institutional) goods and services during the last 365 days: Under this block, information will be collected on educational and institutional medical expenses incurred during the last 365 days preceding the date of survey.
- Block 11- Expenditure on miscellaneous goods and services including medical (non-institutional), rents and taxes during the last 30 days: In this block, relating to miscellaneous goods and services, information will be collected on the expenditure for purchase of these items during the reference period. The reference period will be the last 30 days prior to the date of survey in both the schedule types 1 and 2.
- Block 12- Expenditure for purchase and construction (including repair and maintenance) of durable goods for domestic use during the last 30 days: Information on expenditure incurred for purchase and cost of raw materials and services for construction and repairs of durable goods for domestic use during the last 365 days will be collected in this block of both the schedule types 1 and 2. Expenditure will include both cash and kind.
National Sample Survey Organisation
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
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- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
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The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
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