The Botswana Core Welfare Indicators Survey was designed as an improvement of the Household Income and Expenditure Surveys (HIES). HIES were conducted in 1985/86, 1993/94 and 2002/03, to provide data on household incomes and expenditures, and Poverty Datum Lines (PDL) which are income poverty indicators.
The objective of the survey was to provide comprehensive data and update information on incomes, expenditure, poverty datum line and other household characteristics needed for socio-economic planning, monitoring and evaluation purposes. The survey's objective was also to determine household consumption and expenditure patterns in order to revise the weights and basket for the consumer price index (CPI). Poverty Datum Line (PDL) is the cost of a basket of goods and services deemed to be necessary and adequate to meet basic needs for household members. The basic needs refer to basic requirements for food, clothing, personal items, household goods and services and shelter.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The study includes:
- Household demographic characteristics
- Sources of household income
- Health facilities
- Fertility and child mortality
- Household possessions and cattle ownership
- Household enterprises
- Domestic tourisim
- Agricultural income and expenditure
The target population covered all members of the household and visitors who spent the night with the households, and would be staying with the household for a period not less than 14 days.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistics Office (CSO)
Ministry of Finance and Development Planning
Government of Botswana
United Nations Development Programme
The Sampling frame was defined and constituted by all Enumeration Areas (EAs) found in three geographical regions viz. (i) Cities & Towns (ii) Urban Villages2, and (iii) Rural Areas as defined by the 2001 Population and Housing Census. The sampling frame for BCWIS consisted of 4,114 EAs. During the 2001 Census, EAs were framed to manageable size (in terms of dwellings/households), so the primary sampling units (PSUs) were EAs. A list of occupied households in the selected EAs served as sampling frame for that EA such that the secondary sampling units (SSUs) were occupied households. Being a two-stage design, two frames were required, one for each stage. The sampling frame for the first stage was based on the 2001 Population and Housing Census. The sampling frame for the second stage was produced only from the selected EAs by listing of all private habitable dwellings/households in their EAs. Thus the number of occupied households in the selected EA served as a sampling frame for that EA.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
There were five questionnaires administered for this survey:
- Household Questionnaire (Book 1); it captured information for the usual members of the household who were expected to spend at least 15 days of the survey month with the household
- Daily Record (Book 2); it captured daily household expenditures, receipts, own produce consumed and business transactions. It was administered daily to the selected households for the duration of the survey round which was 30 days
- Community Questionnaire – administered to community leaders, VDC, Headmen etc.
- Schools Questionnaire – administered to school heads, Bursars etc.
- Health Questionnaire – health facility administration, doctors and nurses
Data processing was outsourced to RPC Data Ltd. Data processing activities entailed design of data capturing system, supervision of data entry, consolidation of data sets and production of key tables upon completion of data cleaning.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Central Statistics Office (CSO). Botswana Core Welfare Indicators Survey (CWIS) 2009-2010, Ref. BWA_2009_CWIS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
The World Bank
Ducumentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 03 (September 2015)
- Additional datasets provided
- Providing value labels for all categorical variables
Version 02 (October 2014)
- Editing of metadata fields
- External resources added