The 2011 Labour Force and Child Labour Survey (LFCLS) is a component of the National Household Surveys Capability Programme designed to monitor living conditions. The LFCLS provides socioeconomic indicators useful in monitoring living conditions as well as providing in-depth information on the labour force in Zimbabwe. It seeks to accurately determine the current activity status of the population: who is economically active and who is not? Statistics on the size and composition of the two groups are key to formulating economic and social policies and related planning and research. The survey, therefore, focuses on social and economic characteristics, in particular, status in employment, industry, occupation, place of work and social security.
Preparations for the LFCLS were done by an internal committee which was set up in February 2008 to spearhead, guide and participate in the activities from design of survey instruments to dissemination. Representatives from the then Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare, National Social Security Authority (NSSA), the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) were co-opted into the committee in recognition of their special needs for labour market information.
Objectives of the Survey
The primary objectives are to provide information on:
(a) The number of people classified according to their activity status
(b) The size and characteristics of the economically active population, that is, the employed and the unemployed.
(c) Informal sector employment and informal employment
(e) The number of working children
(f) Detrimental effects of work on children
(g) Living conditions in general.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT)
Ministry of Labour and Social Services
Support to survey design and analysis
National Social Security Authority
Support to survey design and analysis
International Labour Organization
United Nations Children’s Fund
The sampling frame used for the 2011 LFCLS was the 2002 Zimbabwe Master Sample (ZMS02) developed by the then Central Statistical Office after the 2002 Population Census. With the exception of Harare and Bulawayo, each of the other eight provinces was stratified into four strata according to land use: Communal Lands, Large Scale Commercial Farming Areas (LSCFA), Urban and Semi-Urban Areas, and Small Scale Commercial Farming Areas (SSCFA) and Resettlement Areas. Only one urban stratum was formed each in Harare and Bulawayo. This gave a total of 34 strata.
The survey used a two-stage sample design with EAs as the first and households as the second stage sampling units. In total 400 EAs were selected with probability proportional to size (PPS), the measure of size being the number of households enumerated in the 2002 Population Census. The selection of the EAs was a systematic, one-stage operation, carried out independently for each of the 34 strata. A complete listing of the households in the selected EAs was carried out and the list of households used as the frame for the second-stage systematic random selection of households.
The 2011 LFCLS had a sample size of 10 014 households. Each enumerator was assigned two EAs within the 21 days of data collection. Enumerators assigned urban EAs covered 21 households per EA whilst those assigned rural EAs covered 27 households per EA. No substitutions of non-responding households were done in this survey. If a dwelling unit was found being occupied by a different household then that household was interviewed in place of the listed one. If a dwelling unit had been destroyed and the household was still staying or living within the same EA, the household was followed and interviewed.