The 2007 Fiji Population and Housing Census is the thirteenth population census conducted in Fiji. Population census were also conducted in Fiji in 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921, 1936, 1946, 1956, 1966, 1976, 1986, and 1996.
The census is the only data source that has been designed to provide basic demographic and socioeconomic information of all persons within its defined scope at one particular point in time. In this connection, it is important to note that a census is either conducted as a de-facto or de-jure operation.
• In a de-facto census, all persons present in the country at a certain point in time (census night) are included in the enumeration. Moreover, all persons (with the exception of a few well-defined cases) are enumerated in the household where they happen to be on census night.
• A de-jure census is an enumeration of all those who are usually present in the household (or those who belong to the household). In other words, a de-jure census provides a picture of the usual composition of a household irrespective of where household members actually were on census night.
Generally, census administrators prefer the de-facto approach since it is conceptually much easier than a de-jure enumeration, because a person can only be in one place at a time. A dejure census needs to be defined in terms of “duration of stay” and this often causes very significant problems of interpretation. As a result, it is more straightforward to organize and manage a de-facto census.
On the other hand, policy makers and planners are not only interested in a de-facto but often even more in a de-jure picture of the total population as well the population in all geographic subdivisions of the country. This of course also applies to politicians. In order to accommodate the requirements of these users to some extent, many countries that conduct their census on a de-facto basis, include a de-jure element. This de-jure element entails that all those who are covered under the de-facto rule, are asked an additional question about their “usual place of residence” on census night. However, this does not alter the fact that the census remains in principle a de-facto operation
All censuses in Fiji so far have been conducted on a de-facto basis. The 2007 Census was also a de-facto census, but it included the above-mentioned de-jure element. This means that all persons present in the country at midnight 16 September have been included in the census. They have been enumerated at the place (household) where they spent census night, irrespective of their usual place of residence. However, the usual place of residence of all these persons on Census Night was also recorded.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
- Housing unit
The 2007 Fiji Population and Housing Census covered the following themes:
- Particulars of household members (including labour force information)
- Information about persons born in 1997 or before
- Information about women born in 1992 or before
- Characteristics of household and housing
The 2007 Census was also a de-facto census, but it included de-jure element. This means that all persons present in the country at midnight 16 September have been included in the census. They have been enumerated at the place(household) where they spent census night, irrespective of their usual place of residence. However, the usual place of residence of all these persons on Census Night was also recorded.
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.