The national undertaking of the Population Censuses has been carried out in five year intervals by the NSO since 1985. In 1990, the full responsibility for the conduct of the census was vested under the direction of a local officer, namely, the Republic Statistician. Over time, a time series trend of the census data has been established and data from previous censuses are available dating back to 1921. This 2005 Population Census is the 5th in the series to be successfully administered by the NSO staff.
The 2005 Kiribati Population and Housing Census focuses on recent population growth and dynamics, in particular the level, trends, and patterns of fertility, mortality, and migration. The report includes a brief discussion of the likely impacts of some of these dynamics on wider cross-cutting issues such as the environment, health, education, and economic activity. Furthermore it presents a set of population projections in order to assist planners and policy-makers with scenarios of their future population size and structure. The report’s aim is to assist decision makers cater effectively for the specific needs of different population groups at different points in time.
The primary objective of the Census is to determine the official count of the number of persons and households in Kiribati in 2005 and can be used to compare their socio-economic characteristics with those 5 years ago collected in the 2000 Population Census. Results of the census are most useful for government of Kiribati for planning and policy formulation and thus have a direct impact on the Kiribati population.
The Population Census for 2005 is one of the requirements of the NSO and has been stipulated as one of the key development areas in the National Development Strategy (NDS) 2004-2007 report.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the 2005 Kiribati Population and Housing Census includes: fertility, mortality, and migration, environment, health, education, and economic activity.
The census was conducted on a defacto basis.
Producers and sponsors
Kiribati Statistics Office
Secretariat of the Pacific Community
Australian Agency for International Aid
United Nations Population Fund
While there are several methods used to carry out censuses and surveys, the methodology used to conduct the 2005 Population Census is a "Traditional Census" that involves the "face to face" enumeration at the household level. This is where trained enumerators pose questions to the household members and use the responses provided to complete the questionnaire. The census was conducted on a defacto1 basis. The personal questionnaire consisted of 31 questions and the household questionnaire had nine.
Those excluded from the census included: I-Kiribati who, were temporarily out of the country; persons working on overseas ships; those working overseas in places like Nauru; and, government workers who were overseas on the Census Night.
The overall management of the census was completed successfully, within the allocated budget and following the strategic plan. The plan was of great assistance in ensuring that schedules, targets and milestones were all met.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Forty six supervisors were recruited a month prior to their training, these recruitments were to follow criteria established by the Census Commissioner, however, they were recruited according to the procedures established by local island councils. For this census, the Commissioner had raised the minimum required academic level for supervisors to at least a form 5 school leaver.
The supervisors’ roles were to be responsible for all aspects of the census collection on their respective islands.
Data Collection Notes
Training of Census Office Staff
In the training strategy, the 10 office staff of the Census received the same training as all other employees in the Census. They were trained as Supervisors, enumerators and data coders and data entry operators. Initial training included courses in courtesy in obtaining respondent cooperation during the household listing and delineation, on a few database packages and on their overall understanding of statistical processes. The purpose of this strategy was to anticipate and be prepared to counter any unforeseen risks that might occur in the field or in the office.
Training of Supervisors
Supervisors from the outer islands were invited for a one week of training program to enhance their capabilities to conduct the census on their respective islands. The training modules (Appendix 4: Supervisors manual) included the household listing, the training of enumerators, the monitoring and supervision of the enumeration and the control of funds. Ad hoc training included the overall management of the resources and field work including some practical applications.
Supervisors from the Line Islands were trained on their island by the Deputy Census Commissioner. To ensure the consistency, she used the same training modules as were used for the outer islands and south Tarawa.
Training of Enumerators
The training of enumerators in the outer islands was conducted by the trained census supervisors, and were simultaneously provided with programs and modules used in the training of the South Tarawa enumerators. On South Tarawa all the enumerators were trained by the Census Commissioner following the enumerator’s manual. Training of enumerators in the Line Islands followed the same procedure as for South Tarawa and was conducted by the Deputy Census Commissioner.
The enumeration was conducted on schedule, the 7th November, 2005 nationwide except for Kanton where due to its isolated location; it carried out on the 31st December 2005, using the first available ship to reach the island. Those who were on board the ship were not counted in Kanton. The period for this enumeration was 2 to 3 weeks as a maximum. For outer islands, less than 2 weeks were possible although South Tarawa had the longest period of enumeration. In the Line Islands group i.e. Christmas Island, Tabuaeran and Teeraina, the enumeration was managed and controlled under the supervision of the Deputy Census Commissioner and was carried out on the same dates as elsewhere.
The enumeration included the involvement of the Census office staff. The flexibility and efficiency of these staff was beneficial during the enumeration. They were fully equipped for this enumeration and were involved in different aspects of the census activities. One was to replace the enumerator who did not turn up at the time of the counting, while two had to be sent to North Tarawa to assist the Supervisor on North Tarawa. One was sent to assist as a supervisor for Betio to minimize the load. The rest of the census staff were heavily involved during the enumeration period in enumerating all persons living in Institutions. There were 24 “collective households” in total on South Tarawa which these officers were assigned to enumerate.
This activity is to determine the contents of the Questionnaire that will capture as much of relevant information as possible. The priority; however was to ensure all questions included were in a simple and understandable format. As part of designing the questionnaire, a workshop was convened on 11th February 2005 to invite the Census users to comment. These users were a combination of technical personnel in the various government ministries as well as nongovernment organization representatives. A list of participants is attached.
There was a significant amount of input to the questionnaire at this workshop. There were a number of suggestions, ranging from the addition, deletion and alterations of existing questions. The NSO however, was not able to accommodate the needs of all users in the Census questionnaire. The questionnaire was revised and processed. The initial questionnaire was based on the previous census (2000). At the end of the workshop, the common understanding of all the stakeholders was that the design was best left to be formatted by the Statistics officials and passed on for review, before the Pilot Census was undertaken.
In the process, a draft was prepared and presented to the Director of Planning & Statistics to review and copied to the participant with a deadline for the final views to be incorporated. Other parties that received a copy of the questionnaire for reviewing included the Secretariat of the South Pacific (SPC). An ADB representative also showed their interest in having a copy of the draft questionnaire which they were provided. Most reviews were received in written and verbal form and then edits were adjusted. This confirmed a final draft of the questionnaire.
Not all comments were acceptable for the questionnaire in the view of the NSO. The questionnaire however, was prepared and finalized using the best of knowledge of the NSO about what information needed to be collected, while maintaining consistency with previous censuses. . The final review of the questionnaire was made after the pilot testing.
The data processor was appointed by the Census Commissioner. She is one of the NSO staff and her duties are to supervise and assist in the data entry and tabulation processes using the CSPRO software.
The data was primarily captured using MS Access in order to permit an early release of the preliminary figures. At this stage, elimination of the double counts was also conducted.
Assistance was provided from SPC throughout the second data processing stage. CSPro version 2.5 initially was utilized to set up the data processing capture system by the census commissioner. Subsequently, the SPC TA was requested to fine-tune the system.
The tabulations were done in-house with all the staff having been trained to apply CSPro 3.1 version by the TA CSPro specialist. A list of tables is included in this report providing basic information. Not all information has been cross tabulated in the report; however this could be processed, upon the request of the census data users. During the tabulations, a TA from SPC was invited for 1 week by the Office to assist and train the office staffs to use CSPro.
Kiribati Statistics Office
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Kiribati Statistics Office. Kiribati Population and Housing Census 2005. Ref. KIR_2005_PHC_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from www.measuredhs.com on [date]
Kiribati Statistics Office
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.