The Croatia Population and Housing Census is a statistical survey carried out at regular intervals (most often every ten years) for the purpose of official enumeration of the population, households and dwellings on the territory of a country, collecting basic data on demographic, ethnic, educational, economic, migration and other characteristics of population. In addition, the census provides data on households and families as well as on dwellings, their size and installations in them, which is further used as a base for the analysis of the housing situation and the housing standard.
Census data are necessary for implementing various economic and social development policies or scientific research.
Considering the numerosity of units to be enumerated as well as the number and variability of response modalities, the Census is the most comprehensive statistical survey that requires huge financial means and special organisation (outside the framework of regular statistical surveys).
The Census includes the process of collection of data in the field, data processing, aggregating of individual data, evaluation, dissemination and analysis of data.
The 2011 Croatia Population and Housing Census took place between 1 and 28 April 2011 according to the situation as on 31 March 2011 at midnight, which shall be deemed the census moment. It is necessary to determine this moment because of changes that affect Census units.
The 2011 Census was implemented on the basis of the Act on the Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Croatia in 2011 (NN, No. 92/10), which regulates the content, preparation, organisation and implementation of the Census, obligations of state and other bodies included in the Census, enumeration period, processing, keeping and releasing of results and the way of providing finances for the Census.
In line with Article 21 of the Act, the Census has been carried out on the basis of official data from the Register of Spatial Units, which were provided by the State Geodetic Administration. According to the situation as on 31 March 2011, the Republic of Croatia had 21 counties (including the City of Zagreb), 127 towns, 429 municipalities and 6 756 settlements.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Individual - Age, Marital status, Number of live-born children, Place of birth, Migration characteristics of population, Citizenship, Nationality, Mother tongue, Religion, Highest level of completed education, Literacy, Activity, Labour force, Economic activity, Persons with personal income, Agricultural population, Disability, Physical mobility of a disabled person, etc.
Household - Tenure status, Available land, Non-agricultural land, Housing unit, etc.
In line with the Act, the Census included three units: population, households and dwellings and other housing units that are not dwellings by definition but were used for habitation at the census moment.
Producers and sponsors
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The 2011 Census was carried out by using a traditional method, that is, by using face-to-face interviews carried out by interviewers and using the following specially designed forms: the Personal Questionnaire (P-1 form) and the Household and Dwelling Questionnaire (P-2 form).
Each enumerator was obliged to enumerate a certain enumeration area in which he/she had to enumerate all census units.