With the transition to the planned development period in Turkey, information about structure of economically active population has started to be gathered from General Population Censuses conducted in every five years and Household Labour Force Surveys (HLFS) being conducted since 1966. However, data obtained from these sources especially the data obtained from Labour Force Survey which is the main data source for monitoring the labour market were not comparable within a time series because of the differences on geographical areas covered, definitions, concepts, variables and classifications until 1988.
It was targeted to redesign the labor force survey to take labor market pulse on time and more correctly in the context of the project on Labour Market Information System coordinated by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and then in the context of World Bank Employment and Training Project with the technical assistance of International Labour Organization (ILO).
The main objective of the Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is to obtain information on the structure of the labour force in the country. This includes information on economic activity, occupation, status in employment and hours worked for employed persons; and information on the duration of unemployment and occupation sought by the unemployed.
In 2004, HLFS Questionnaire was revised in line with EU requirements, and sample size was increased to produce annual estimates by NUTS 2 (26 Regions).
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
All household members who were 15 years old and older living in the sample households.
Demographic characteristics: age, sex, marital status, place/country of birth, place/country of previous residence, educational attainment, relationship to household head.
Main labour related characteristics: employment, unemployment, underemployment, hours of work, wages, informal employment, social security coverage, training received, absence from work.
Geographical area covered: All settlements in Turkey have been covered in sample selection.
Urban areas: Settlements with a population of 20,001 and over are defined as urban.
Rural areas: Settlements with a population of 20,000 or less are defined as rural.
All private households (non-institutional population)
Producers and sponsors
Turkish Statistical Institute
Sampling design of the Household Labour Force survey is the main part of five-year master plan including three-month period (quarters) and monthly field application.
Sample design is contracted on yearly basis. Yearly estimates of whole Turkey, rural-urban, SRE level 1 (urban-rural) and SRE level 2 are required. A rotation pattern for the sample design on yearly basis is adapted to achieve the following objectives:
- quarterly level estimation of whole Turkey and rural-urban;
- accumulation of the quarterly results to get annual estimates;
- measurement of the change between succesive years.
Results of the Household Labour Force Survey have been weighted and published by the most recent population projections. Until year 2009 aforesaid population projections was calculated based on the general population censuses.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
ECA Team for Statistical Development
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online)
Turkish Statistical Institute. Turkey Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) 2004, Ref. TUR_2004_HLFS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Data Group
Documentation of the study
Poverty - GP
Documentation of the study
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (November 2015)
The title of the study was changed from Labour Force survey (LFS) to Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).