This is the second Living Standards Survey counducted in Ghana. The first GLSS was conducted in 1987.
The Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) is a nationwide household survey carried out by the Government of Ghana (Ghana Statistical Service) with the support of the World Bank (Social Dimensions of Adjustment Project Unit). The objective of the survey is to provide data to the government for measuring the living standards of the population and the progress made in raising them. The survey data will permit a more effective formulation and implementation of policies designed to improve the welfare of the population.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
- Health facilities
- Drugstores, pharmacies & drug vendors
The scope of Living Standards Survey 1988-1989 includes:
- HOUSEHOLD: Household roster, Housing, Education, Health, Economic activities, Migration, Agro-pastoral activities, Non-farm self-employment, Expenditure and inventory of durable goods, Food expenses and home production, Fertility, Other income, Credit and savings, Anthropometrics, Cognitive skills
- COMMUNITY: Demographic information, Economy and infrastructure, Education, Health, Agriculture
- PRICE: Food, Pharmaceutical, Non-food
- PRIMARY SCHOOL: School characteristics, Enrollment, School staff, Expenditures on schooling, Observations
- MIDDLE/JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL: School characteristics, Enrollment, School staff, Expenditures on schooling, Observations
- EDUCATION: Mathematics questions, English reading questions
- HEALTH AND FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES: Characteristics of the facility, Services, Immunizations, Personnel, Beds, Equipment, Drug supply, Family planning (hours of operation/services offered, personnel)
- DRUGSTORES, PHARMACIES & DRUG VENDORS: Characteristics of the facility, Hours of operation, Personnel, Vaccines and contraceptive supplies, Drug supplies
Producers and sponsors
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS)
The World Bank
For the GLSS an alternative procedure was adopted, which takes account of the changes in the measures of size for the selected EAs, but which has the merit of keeping all fieldwork quotas, and therefore the final sample size, fixed. The households in the 200 selected EAs were first listed in the field, and a ratio calculated for each EA (the number of households listed divided by the number of households counted in the census). In a few cases where EAs appeared to be very large, in terms of geographic spread or population size, a decision was made to divide the EA into smaller segments, and to select one segment at random; the number of households listed in this segment was then compared with the estimated size of the same segment in the 1984 Census.
Using the same PPS method as described above, 200 'workloads' were then allocated among these 200 EAs, with probability proportional to this calculated ratio. With this method of allocation most EAs received one workload, but a few received two or three or none at all. At the next stage of sample selection 16 households were selected to make up each workload; thus an EA, for example, which received two workloads provided 32 households for the sample. The total sample therefore consisted of 3200 households, and the sample design provided a self-weighting sample, since each household in Ghana had an equal probability of being selected.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Three types of questionnaires are used in the GLSS: (1) a household questionnaire; (2) a community questionnaire; (3) a price questionnaire; (4) a primary school questionnaire; (5) a middle/junior secondary school questionnaire; (6) an education questionnaire; (7) a health and family planning services questionnaire; (8) a drugstores, pharmacies and drug vendors questonnaire.
The household questionnaire comprises 16 sections which allow the collection of a total of about 800 pieces of information on the household. It includes household composition, housing, education, health, economic activities, migration, housing characteristics, anthropometry, agro-pastoral activities, non-farm self-employment, expenditures and inventory of durable goods, food expenses and home production, fertility, other income, credit and savings.
The community questionnaire, used in the rural areas, is administered to the persons best informed about the community (village chief, teachers, etc). It includes demography, economy and infrastructure, education, health and agriculture.
The price questionnaire is filled out based on direct observation of the market prices. It includes food items, pharmaceutical items and other non-food items.
The primary school questionnaire includes school characteristics, enrollment, school staff, expenditures on schooling, and observations.
The middle/junior secondary school questionnaire includes school characteristics, enrollment, school staff, expenditures on schooling and observations.
The an education questionnaire incldues mathematics questions and english reading questions.
The health and family planning services questionnaire includes characteristics of the facility, services, immunizations, personnel, beds, equipment, drug supply, and family planning (hours of operation/services offered, personnel).
The drugstores, pharmacies and drug vendors questonnaire includes characteristics of the facility, hours of operation, personnel, vaccines and contraceptive supplies and drug supplies.
All questionnaires and modules are provided as external resources.
LSMS Data Manager
The World Bank
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.