The Union of Myanmar participated in the World Census of Agriculture in 1953-54 (under the former country-name of “The Union of Burma”), but the coverage of that census was limited to 200 village tracts in the neighbourhood of 252 towns. A nationwide Sample Census of Agriculture was conducted in 1993. The last Census of Agriculture (MAC 2003), to which data here presented refer, was conducted in Myanmar in 2003.
The Myanmar Agricultural Census 2003 was led by the Settlement and Land Records Department (SLRD) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI). A National Census Steering Committee (NCSC), having representations from stakeholder Departments was constituted to oversee the preparatory phase of the census. A Technical Census Committee (TCC) met regularly to discuss the progress and to decide on technical issues. FAO experts and consultants provided technical assistance under a project. A total of 6,428 enumerators were involved in field operations.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household Fishing holding: a household whose member(s) engaged in fishing during the census reference year.
Household Aquaculture holding: a household engaged in culture of fish, other aquatic animals or plants and owning a fishpond or any kind of aquaculture production facility during the reference year.
Commercial livestock and poultry holding: a holding operated by either a household or an establishment whose livestock and poultry products are mainly for sale.
The census was carried out with an extended scope to cover fishing, aquaculture and commercial livestock activities.
Producers and sponsors
Settlement and Land Records Department
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation
Settlement and Land Records Department
Census implemention, procession and dissemination
Dates of Data Collection
Listing of all holdings
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Sketched village maps which indicated relative location of household, holdings and names of heads of households, prepared in 2002 by the SRLD surveyors served as the basis for planning of field operations. A pilot census was conducted by the SLRD in December 2002. Training was targeted at different level of census functionaries and covered census enumeration, procedures for manual data editing, and post-enumeration survey. Complete enumeration of all holdings was carried out during the census. The questionnaire for listing of household contained questions to identify agricultural holdings and special holdings. For main census enumeration, separate questionnaires were used for agricultural holdings and operations relating to Commercial Livestock and Poultry, Household Fishing and Aquaculture.
Myanmar Agriculture Census 2003 was carried out using complete enumeration method so that the result of census will provide the most important and basic information for formulation of future development plans and measures. Since the Myanmar Agricultural Census 2003 was conducted in complete basis, enumeration of census covered the entire country except highly urban areas, some remote areas where transportation facilities were not good enough to conduct the enumeration. At the time of census, there were 9 States and 8 Divisions with 63 districts, 324 townships, about 12,900 village tracts and about 58,000 villages in the Union of Myanmar. However, of the 324 townships, only 283 townships were included in the census.
Agricultural Census Data Processing System (ACDDP) was developed using Visual Basic programming and CsPro 2.4 software. The system had the capability to monitor arrival of the questionnaires, check completeness of enumeration, data editing, generating output tables and editing them. Data processing was handled in five zonal centres. To satisfy the urgent needs of data, an advance tabulation based on 20% sample village tracts (674,331 questionnaires) was done to publish an advance report.
Myanmar Census of Agriculture 2003, Settlement and Land Records Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Government of the Union of Myanmar (September 2005)
Central Statistical Organization
Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development