Hungary Household Budget Survey has the following objectives:
- obtain weights for consumer price index;
- estimate household expenditure for national accounts;
- study income/expenditure patterns of disadvantaged groups, including pensioner households, single parent households, etc.;
- study income/expenditure disparities among socio-economic groups;
- study consumer behavior among socio-economic groups;
- contribute to general poverty and/or income distribution studies;
- calculate minimum subsistence level (national poverty line).
Study respondents are chosen randomly from Hungarian citizens living in private households in Hungary. Data is gathered through face-to-face interviews and monthly diaries of household expenditures and incomes.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v01: Edited data, for internal use only.
Unit of Analysis
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Hungarian Central Statistical Office
The Primary, Secondary and Ultimate Sampling Units are enumeration area/district, none and dwelling respectively.
Areas/districts were stratified using the following criteria: geographical regions
Households/Consumption Unit, Income Unit, Family Unit were stratified using the following criteria:
- age group of the head
- educational level of household head, household size,economic activity of the household head
The sampling frames for the Primary Sampling Unit (PSU) and Ultimate Sampling Unit (USU) were the list of Census enumeration areas and the master sample of households respectively. Primary Sampling Units (PSU) were selected using probability proportional to size. The sample size was 11000 households or other units. The overall response rate for the survey was 62 percent.4 Errors/biases were minimized by using systematic substitution.
Enumeration procedure: Enumeration uses a panel design in which each reporting unit is enumerated more than once. The sample is divided into 3 representative sub-samples, some of which are replaced with new ones during the lifetime of the panel. Each sub-sample remains in the panel for 36 months. The survey uses 3 sub-samples at the same time and drops 1 sub-samples each time. The panel has an expected lifetime of 3 years, and each reporting household/unit is enumerated 3 times in total. If a reporting household/unit drops out from the panel, it is abandonned. If changes occur in composition of the reporting household/unit during the lifetime of the panel, then it continues in the panel. A smaller set of reporting units is selected from which information on specific issues is gathered or more detailed questions are asked.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Type of Research Instrument
Household questionnaires and the income/expenditure diary collect the following information:
- Main characteristics of households: number of persons; activity of the members; data of housing: type of occupation; type of heating, number of room; stock of consumer durables;
- Monthly diary about incomes and expenditures of the households by categories;
Incomes by main categories:
- Income from work: earnings from main activity; supplementary compensations; entrepreneurial income; agricultural income;
- Social income: pensions, pension supplements; unemployment benefits; child-care benefits; family allowance; child-care allowance;
- Other income: other income in cash and in kind;
- Gross income; social security contributions; personal income tax; net disposable income;
- Child tax allowance.
Expenditures by main categories:
- Meat and meat products; eggs; milk, cheese, other dairy products; fats and oils; bread and rolls;
- Cereals; Sugar; Sweet products; Vegetables; Fruits; Other foods; Food consumption outside home;
- Coffee, tea; Soft drinks; Wine; Beer; Other alcoholic drinks; Tobacco; Men’s clothing articles;
- Women’s clothing articles; Children’s clothing articles; Other clothing articles; Clothing services;
- Rent, tax on houses; Maintenance cost of dwelling; Other service of housing or real estate: water charge, sewerage fee, other; Insurance of real estate; Solid fuel and heating oil; District heating; Electricity; Piped gas; Bottled gas;
- Repair of dwelling; Furniture; Household durable goods; Household cleaning supplies, and other materials;
- Household textiles, Household tools and appliances; Household services; Pharmaceuticals, medical devices;
- Health services; Gratuities; Personal care; Passenger car new;
- Other vehicles; Spare parts for vehicles; Fuel for vehicles; Insurance fees for vehicles; Maintenance of vehicles; Local transportation; Long-distance transportation; Other purchased transport services;
- Telephone, fax, message receiver; Telephone charges;
- Postal charges;
- Electronic entertainment equipment; Personal computer; Instruments;
- Other cultural durable goods; Newspapers, magazines, books; Schoolbooks;
- School fee; School supplies, stationery; Other cultural and sport equipment and their repair;
- Television subscription; Theatre, concert, cinema, other entertainment tickets, fee;
- Recreation domestic; Recreation abroad; Personal related insurances;
- Other personal expenditures;
- New construction, renovation, purchase of real estate.
No restriction on sharing within the World Bank.
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online).
Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Hungary Household Budget Survey (HBS) 2001, Ref. HUN_2001_HBS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.