The Household Living Conditions Survey (HLCS) has been carried out annually since 1999 by the State Statistics Service of Ukraine (formerly the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine). The survey is based on generally accepted international standards and depicts social and demographic situation in Ukraine.
From 2002, items of consumer money and aggregate expenditures have been developed in line with the International Classification of Individual Consumption of Goods and Services (COICOP-HBS), recommended by Eurostat.
From 2004, the State Statistics Service of Ukraine has been implementing a new system of household sample survey organization and delivery. A unified interviewer network was established to run simultaneously three household surveys: Household Living Conditions Survey, households' economic activity survey and the survey of household farming in rural areas. A new national territorial probability sampling was introduced to deliver the three sampling surveys in 2004-2008.
The Household Living Conditions Survey (HLCS) 2013 provides information on poverty analysis in Ukraine. The results of the household survey are used in Ukraine for analyzing various issues, among which poverty, access to material benefits, subjective self-evaluation by households of their level of well-being are of special priority. The data obtained through this survey makes it possible to carry out methodologically comparative poverty studies using almost all above criteria.
The data can be used to analyze the following:
- social-demographic characteristics of household members;
- expenditures and consumption;
- income and other resources, including those coming from subsidiary farming;
- housing conditions;
- availability of durable goods;
- evaluation of health conditions and access to medical goods and services;
- evaluation of well-being level and economic expectations;
- access to certain goods and services;
- access to information and communication technologies.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
A household is a totality of persons who jointly live in the same residential facilities of part of those, satisfy all their essential needs, jointly keep the house, pool and spend all their money or portion of it. These persons may be relatives by blood, relatives by law or both, or have no kinship relations. A household may consist of one person (Law of Ukraine "On Ukraine National Census of Population," Article 1). As only 0.50% households have members with no kinship relations (0.65% total households if bachelors are excluded), the contemporary concepts "household" and "family" are very close.
The scope of the study includes:
- Housing conditions;
- Demographic characteristics household members;
- Land and individual farm;
- Purchase of food, alcohol and tobacco;
- Purchase of food items and fodder for feeding animals and pets;
- Expenses for eating out;
- Food obtained free of charge;
- Expenses for services;
- Purchase of durable and semi-durable goods;
- Expenses on housing and utilities;
- Household income;
- Construction and renovation;
- State of health of the members of the household;
- Availability of durables;
- Arrears on wages, pensions, scholarships, housing and utilities;
- Self-appraisal of the revenues of the household.
National, except some settlements within the territories suffered from the Chernobyl disaster.
Cities and settlements.
Whole country, all private households. The survey does not cover collective households, foreigners temporarily living in Ukraine as well as the homeless.
Producers and sponsors
State Statistics Service of Ukraine
The survey covers only private households. The sample does not include marginal population groups (individuals without permanent place of residence, etc.). Annual full rotation of respondents is used. Every five years survey territories are rotated. The territorial sampling excludes residential areas that are located in the exclusion and compulsory resettlement zone affected by radioactive contamination as a result of the Chernobyl nuclear power station accident. Sampling is done by stratified multistage probability sampling methods. The sampling methodology ensures that each household has a certain non-zero probability of being selected.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The basic interview of the households is conducted in the beginning of each quarter. During this period all basic demographic and ownership characteristics are recorded. The survey includes anthropological information of the individual members of the households, labor module with individual employment characteristics, education module, individual health module, pensions, scholarships, housing and communal services module, ownership of durable goods, housing, lands and sources of income section.
The information on the households' budget and incomes are collected in form of diary and questionnaire. Within each quarter the households equally distributed to cover all weeks of the surveyed period. The diary is undertaken twice for 2 weeks within each quarter. The diary section includes both purchased and self produced and received in kind products recorded on a unit value, purchased and consumed quantities and expenditures. The questionnaire includes information on non-food consumption as well as consumption of semi-durable goods.
State Statistics Committee of Ukraine
The Household Living Conditions Survey includes three components and uses various survey tools to obtain information.
I. Collecting general data on a household - basic interview. Interviewing of households takes place at the survey commencement stage based on the adequate questionnaire program on general basic household features: household composition, housing facilities, availability and use of land plots, cattle and poultry, and also characteristics of household members: anthropometric data, education, employment status, etc. In addition, while interviewing, the interviewer completes a household composition check card to trace any changes during the entire survey period.
II. Observation of household expenditures and incomes over a quarter. For the observation, two survey tools are used:
Weekly diary of current expenditures, which is completed directly by a household twice a quarter. In the diary respondents (households) record all daily expenditures in details (e.g. for purchased foodstuffs - product description, its weight and value, and place of purchase). In addition, a household puts into the diary information on consumption of products produced in private subsidiary farming or received as a gift.
Households are evenly distributed among rotation groups, who complete diaries in different week days of every quarter. Assuming that the two weeks data are intrinsic for the entire quarter, the single time period of data processing (quarter) is formed by means of multiplying diary data by ratio 6.5 (number of weeks in a quarter divided on the number of weeks when diary records were made). Inclusion of foodstuffs for long-time consumption is done based on quarterly interview data.
Quarterly questionnaire is used in quarterly interviewing of households in the first month following the reporting quarter. At this state, we collect data on large and irregular expenditures, in particular those relating to the purchase of foodstuffs for long-time consumption (e.g. sacks, etc.), and also data on household incomes. Since recalling all incomes and expenditures made in a quarter is uneasy, households make records during a quarter in a special 'Quarterly expenditures log'.
The major areas for quarterly observation are the following:
- structure of consumer financial expenditures for goods and services;
- structure of other expenditures (material aid to other households, expenditures for private subsidiary farming, purchase of real estate, construction and major repair of housing facilities and outbuildings, accumulating savings, etc);
- importance of private subsidiary farming for household welfare level (receipt and use of products from private subsidiary farming for own consumption, financial income from sales of such products, etc.);
- structure of income and other financial sources of a household. We separately study the income of every individual household member (remuneration of labor, pension, scholarship, welfare, etc.) and the income in form payments to a household as a whole (subsidies for children, aid of relatives and other persons, income from - sales of real estate and property, housing and utility subsidies, use of savings, etc.).
III. Single-time topical interviews Questionnaires are used for quarterly interviewing.
Quarterly topical interviews covered the following:
- household expenditures for construction and repair of housing facilities and outbuilding;
- availability in a household of durable goods;
- assessment by households members of own health and accessibility of selected medical services;
- self-assessment by a household of adequacy of its income;
- a household's access to Internet.
ECA Team for Statistical Development
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online)
State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Ukraine Household Living Conditions Survey (HLCS) 2013, Ref. UKR_2013_HLCS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.