Africa's enduring food crisis has been a source of serious concern to government and non-governmental organizations at both national and international levels. In 2002 a Swedish team from Lund University drew inspiration from progress being made on the Asian continent in what was described as a state-driven, market-mediated and farmer-based process of increasing yields in food grains and staples. The team sought to replicate the same in Africa through capturing the dynamism in African agriculture, and illuminating questions about its driving forces, especially the role of the state and the market in influencing African farmer's production behavior. The Household and Village Level Data was carried out in two phases namely:
- AFRINT I (2001-2005) The African Food Crisis - the relevance of Asian experiences
- AFRINT II (2007-2010) The Millennium Development Goals and the African Food Crisis.
The project primarily concentrated on features affecting maize production and productivity. Maize is the largest food crop in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and with seed, fertilizer and technology, commercialization and impacts of government policies. The official starting date for the African sub-projects was June 1st 2002, the collaboration researchers worked for 60 days.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Unit of Analysis
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Swedish International Development Authority
Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation
Data collection for the first round of the AFRINT project was made in 2002. The collection of this data was part of the second round and was referred to as 2008 data, although in some cases it was collected in late 2007.
The five case study countries were: Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Tanzania. These five countries were ideally suited in the researcher's view, to charting progress in intensification, induced by farmers themselves, or state induced, as in the Asian Green Revolution. The AFRINT sample was drawn in four stages:
- Country selection
- Regions within countries
- Selection of villages within regions
- Selection of farm households
All stages except the final one were based on purposive sampling. Data collection was sought to be made at all four levels. The households sampled within these countries were selected with respect to the agricultural potential of the areas in which they resided. The intention was to capture the dynamism in the areas that were "above average" in terms of ecological and market (infrastructure) endowments but excluding the most extreme cases in this regard. The study aimed for a sample which was an illustrative of conditions in the maize-cassava belt, excluding both low potential dry and remote areas and extreme outliers at the other end of the scale.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Time periods (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Type of Research Instrument
The study was comprised of a set of survey instruments. These were the following questionnaires:
1. AFRINT I Farm Household Questionnaire
2. AFRINT II Micro Level Households Questionnaire
3. AFRINT I Village Diagnostics Questionnaire
4. AFRINT II Village Diagnostics Questionnaire
Dept of Sociology, Lund University
Institution for Thematic research, Linköping University
Addis Ababa University
African Economic Research Consortium
Department of Geography, Kenyatta University
Centre for Social Research, University of Malawi
Nigerian Institute for Social and Economic Research
University of Ghana, Legon
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.