Public Expenditure Tracking Survey in Education 2004
Public spending on education in Albania as a share of GDP declined by one third from 5% in 1991 to 3.4% in 2002. As a result, public spending has been limited to the bare essentials, at the expense of important needs that it is assumed can be deferred, such as maintenance of schools and the provision of equipment, materials and teacher training. Inadequate public spending resulted in rapid deterioration of the quality of education, but also increased private costs for participating in education, often resulting in declining enrollment rates for children coming from poor families, especially in rural and peri-urban areas.
This study aims to contribute to the overall Albanian government/World Bank assessment of public spending on education and poverty. In particular, the study analyzed how municipalities and communes were funding education activities from their block grants; what share of Municipality-Commune (MC) allocations for education intended for schools were reaching these schools; and how these funds were used at school level and the effectiveness of MC funding for educational purposes. The survey gives an overview of administration and management levels (e.g., Ministry of Education and Science, regional level, districts, and schools), levels of funding and resource distribution.
The survey covered 201 schools from 20 municipalities and communes.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Unit of Analysis
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
Public and Private Finance Institute, Albania
Ministry of Education and Science, Albania
National Institute of Statistics
Contributed data on population and area
Ministry of Local Governments and Decentralization
Provided data on block grants
Ministry of Finance
Provided data on education expenditure
20 municipality-communes (MC) were selected in 8 regions and 9 districts. The original sample included 202 schools, out of which 158 were basic education schools, 19 - secondary schools, 11 - comprehensive schools, 8 - vocational schools and 6 boarding institutions. 30% of the schools were sampled in four biggest MCs (Korçe, Shkoder, Elbasan and Tirana).
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Type of Research Instrument
The following survey instruments are available:
- Municipality-Commune Questionnaire;
- Basic Education School Questionnaire;
- General Secondary Education School Questionnaire;
- Complete School Questionnaire;
- Vocational School Questionnaire;
- Boarding Institution Questionnaire.
The questionnaires collect detailed information on staff, enrollments and expenditure at municipality-commune and school levels.
Public use file
Use of the survey data must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.