In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
This report contains up-to-date information on the situation of children and women in the Republic of Moldova provided by the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. Its ma in purposes is to provide data for monitoring of progress towards the goals established at the World Summit for Children and defining national policies in the area of the child protection. This report serves as an important tool for the end of decade review process in the country and aims at launching a nation wide policy dialogue for developing a long term strategy for the well-being of children and families. The 2000 Republic of Moldova Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children. The main objectives of the survey are to provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Republic of Moldova at the end of the decade and to furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
HOUSEHOLD QUESTIONNAIRE: Household Information Panel, Education, Child labor, Water and Sanitation, and Salt Iodization.
WOMEN QUESTIONNAIRE: Contraceptive, HIV/AIDS
CHILD QUESTIONNAIRE: Birth registration and early learning, Care of Illness: Diarrhea, ARI, IMCI, Immunization.
The 2000 Republic of Moldova Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative surveyof households, women, and children.
Producers and sponsors
National Center of Preventive Medicine
United Nations Children's Fund
Design of Survey and Technical Support
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for the Moldova Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of various indicators at the national level with a margin of error (ME) within 5%. The survey consists of two separate strata sampled separately: Western and Eastern part of Moldova. Subgroup analysis allows estimates for urban and rural areas, by gender, educational level of mothers and socioeconomic status of the households. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage, 322 election areas were selected with probability proportional to size using 1999 election lists provided by the National Election Committee. After a household listing was carried out within the selected election areas, a systematic sample of 11,592 households (36 households per each cluster) was drawn. Because the sample was stratified by region, it is not self-weighting. For reporting national level results, sample weights are used. The sample weights were adjusted according to the households, women and children response rates. Full technical details of the sample are included in Appendix A.
Of the 11,592 households selected for the sample, 11,163 were found to be occupie d (Table 1). Of these, 10,380 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 93 percent. The household response rate was significantly lower (89 percent) in urban areas compared to rural areas (97 percent). In the interviewed households, 8,414 eligible women aged 15-49 were identified. Of these, 7,871 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 94 percent. In addition, 1,674 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Of these, questionnaires were completed for 1,661 for a response rate of 99 percent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The fieldwork was conducted by 24 teams: 16 in the western part and 8 in the eastern part of the country. Each team was comprised of three interviewers, one driver, and a supervisor. The field staff that worked in the eastern part of the country was trained for five days at the end of June 2000 and participated in a two days pilot-study. The MICS Technical Director and the Fieldwork Coordinator provided the overall supervision of the training and fieldwork. Supervisors were responsible for the fieldwork organization and the quality of data checking. They also had to carry out editor’s duties in the field. The authorities of the eastern part of the country (Transnistria) required having their own teams for fieldwork. As a result, eight new local teams were established and trained for 4 days at the beginning of August, including the organization of a pilot study. At least one member who had participated in the fieldwork in the western part of the country was included in each Transnistria team. In order to facilitate the logistics organization the cluster size was defined as 36 households and was covered by a team in 2 days. The fieldwork began on 10th of July 2000 and concluded on 5th of September 2000.
The questionnaires for the Moldova MICS were based on the MICS Model Questionnaire with two additional modules on safe injections and access to health care services. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various information on household members including sex, age, literacy, marital status, and orphanhood status. The household questionnaire also includes education, child labor, water and sanitation, and salt iodization modules. In addition to a household questionnaire, the survey included questionnaires specifically for women age 15-49 and children under age five. For children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child. The questionnaire for women contains modules on contraceptive use and HIV/AIDS.
In order to ensure the quality of data, four data editors were involved in checking each questionnaire before entering the data in computer. Two data entry coordinators guided the data entry process. In order to be carried out simultaneously with data collection, 16 teams of two persons each (32 total) were trained and involved in the data entry process. Data were entered on 16 microcomputers using the ISSA software. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to the Republic of Moldova questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began on 19th of July 2000 and finished on 8th of September 2000. Performance of the data collection teams and of individual interviewers was measured and feedback provided to teams on a weekly base by the data editors and data entry coordinators.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library