In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Mongolia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey has as its primary objectives:
· To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Mongolia at the end of the decade and for looking forward to the next decade;
· To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action;
· To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Mongolia and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011.
Household Questionnaire : Household information panel, Education, Child labor and Water and Sanitation , Salt Iodization..
Women Questionnaire: Child mortality, Tetanus toxoid, Maternal and newborn health, Contraceptive use, HIV/AIDS
Child Questionnaire: Birth registration and early learning, Breastfeeding, Vitamin A, Care of Illness, Immunization, Anthropometry.
Inclusion of child disability module.
The sample for the Mongolia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for six regions: West, South, North, East, Central-1 and Central-2.
Producers and sponsors
National Statistics Office
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for the Mongolia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for six regions: West, South, North, East, Central-1 and Central-2. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage, 300 census enumeration areas were selected with probability proportional to size. After a household listing was carried out within the selected enumeration areas, a systematic sample of 6000 households was drawn. Because the sample was stratified by region, it is selfweighting. For reporting the national level results, sample weights have not been used.
Of the 6000 households selected for the sample, 6000 were found to be occupied. Of these, 6000 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 100 percent. In the interviewed households, 8606 eligible women (age 15-49) were identified. Of these, 8257 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 95.9 percent. In addition, 6199 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Of these, questionnaires were completed for 6184 for a response rate of 99.8 percent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The field staff was trained for 10 days (for interviewers 5 days and for editors and supervisors 10 days) in early May. 2000. The data were collected by eight teams; each was comprised of six interviewers, two editors, one driver, and a supervisor. The MICS Coordinator provided overall supervision. The field work began in May 20, 2000 and completed in early August 2000.
In addition to a household questionnaire, questionnaires were administered in each household for women aged 15-49 and children under age five. The questionnaires are based on the MICS model questionnaire with the inclusion of the child disability module. From the MICS model English version, the questionnaires were translated into Mongolian. Questionnaires were translated back in to English from the Mongolian version. The questionnaires were pretested during Apr. 2000. Based on the results of the pretest, modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires.
Data were entered in five microcomputers using the ISSA software. For the data entry computer operators have been hired and they were involved in 4 day training, before the beginning the data entry process. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. The data processing supervisors attended the training in Bangkok in Apr. 2000. They have received excellent graps of the questionnaires and got good programming skills in the data entry package and SPSS. Procedures and standard programs have been developed under MICS 2 and have been adopted according to the Mongolian specifity the questionnaires were used throughout. Data entry, checking and processing began in July 2000 and finished in August 2000. During the data entry, checking and processing work MICS 2 working group had close cooperation with the resource people from the USAID by mail. The data processing has been organized by based on the guide of the survey. The MICS survey was conducted in two data processing stages: primary and secondary. The goal of primary data processing was to produce clean, edited data files by the following steps.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library.