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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Development Economics
Title Widowhood and poverty in rural India: Some inferences from household survey data
Author(s)
Volume 54
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1997
Page numbers 217-234
URL http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/03043878/1997/00000054/00000002/art00041
Abstract
This paper examines the relationship between widowhood and poverty in rural India, based on National Sample Survey data on consumer expenditure. In terms of standard poverty indices based on household per-capita expenditure, there is no evidence of widows being disproportionately concentrated in poor households, or of female-headed households being poorer than male-headed households. These findings also apply in terms of adult-equivalent consumption for any reasonable choice of equivalence scales. Poverty indices for different household types, however, are quite sensitive to the level of economies of scale. Even relatively small economies of scale imply that the incidence of poverty among single widows, widows living with unmarried children, and female household heads (all of whom tend to live in relatively small households) is higher than in the population as a whole.

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Dreze, Jean, and S.V. Srinivasan. "Widowhood and poverty in rural India: Some inferences from household survey data." Journal of Development Economics 54, no. 2 (1997): 217-234.
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