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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - The Indian Journal of Labour Economics
Title Interrogating inclusive growth: some reflections on exclusionary growth and prospects for inclusive development in India
Author(s)
Volume 50
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2007
Page numbers 17-46
URL http://www.isleijle.org/ijle/IssuePdf/5e936d54-e10f-4b36-aa56-24a389056616.pdf
Abstract
Despite the high growth performance of the Indian economy in recent years, the
continuing high incidence of poverty and other forms of deprivation as well as a
slowdown in agriculture resulting in despair and the death of farmers has prompted
the planners in India to advocate ‘inclusive growth’. This paper is a critique of the
inclusive growth articulated by the Indian Planning Commission in its Approach
Paper to the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-12). Despite the rhetoric of inclusive
growth, the paper notes that the overbearing emphasis in the Approach Paper is to
attain a higher growth rate (9 per cent and above). The running themes of the
Approach Paper such as the creation of Special Economic Zones (SEZs), greater
incentives for foreign direct investment (FDI), removal of the urban land ceiling,
relaxation of labour laws, and absence of any commitment to provide social security
and related protection for a semblance of decent work conditions for those in the
unorganised sector are hardly the ones which would help promote inclusion. In
addition, there is no well-articulated strategy for harnessing the untapped potential
of Indian agriculture to generate productive employment. Policies and programmes
for reducing the wide gap between states in a whole range of economic and social
indicators are also conspicuous by their absence. The paper concludes by calling
for an alternative paradigm for inclusive growth and development in which the state
has to play a leading role.

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