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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Energy Policy
Title Causality between energy consumption and output growth in the Indian cement industry: An application of the panel vector error correction model (VECM)
Author(s)
Volume 38
Issue 11
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 6560-6565
URL http://203.200.22.246/WP 238 - Sabuj Kumar and Madheswaran_ 5.pdf
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to examine the existence and direction of the causal relationship
between energy consumption and output growth for Indian cement industry for the period 1979-
80 to 2004-05. The most recently developed panel unit root, heterogeneous panel cointegration
and panel-based error correction models have been applied in a multivariate framework
including capital stock, labor, and material other than energy and output. The empirical results
confirm a positive long-run cointegrated relationship between output and energy consumption
when heterogeneous state effect is taken into account. It is also found that there exists a long
run bi-directional relationship between energy consumption and output growth in Indian cement
industry for the study period, implying that an increase in energy consumption directly affects
growth of this sector and that growth also stimulates further energy consumption. These
empirical findings imply that energy consumption and output are jointly determined and affect
each other. Also, energy conservation policies should be associated with consistent
encouragement and support from the government for adoption of energy efficient technologies
in order to avoid negative impacts of theses policies on the growth of this industry.

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