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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Title Intimate partner violence and sexually transmitted disease symptoms in a national sample of married Bangladeshi women
Author(s)
Volume 100
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2008
Page numbers 18 -23
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17904559
Abstract
Objectives To assess associations of intimate partner violence (IPV) with women's sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms, and to clarify biological and behavioral mechanisms underpinning heightened STD rates among abused women.Methods A cross-sectional investigation of married couples (n†=†2865) sampled via the Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey.Results Over one third (38%) of married Bangladeshi women experienced physical or sexual IPV in the 12†months preceding the survey. Victimization was bivariately associated with vaginal irritation/discharge, pelvic pain during intercourse, genital sores/ulcers, and vaginal discharge with odor (OR 1.39-2.09). IPV demonstrated an independent effect on vaginal irritation with discharge (adjusted OR 1.34) and vaginal discharge with odor (adjusted OR 2.08) after accounting for STD exposure (i.e., husbands' recent STD).Conclusions IPV elevates married Bangladeshi women's STD symptoms beyond the risk represented by husbands' STD alone, suggesting that high rates of STD among abusive men and the context of violence itself both relate to abused women's STD risk.

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