Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Special Issue on Processed Complementary Foods in Latin America
Title Urbanization in Latin America: constraints and opportunities for child feeding and care
Author(s)
Volume 21
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2000
Page numbers 12
URL http://www.popline.org/node/246199
Abstract
The principal aim of this paper is to describe the socio- economic context in which the topic of processed com- plementary feeding in Latin America should be exam- ined. Data from CEPAL (Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe) and from the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) are used to review global trends in urban poverty and malnutrition in the region. The phenomena that are unique to urban life and that are likely to have an impact on child-care and feeding prac- tices are reviewed using data from DHS for six Latin American countries. The issues examined include the higher levels of education and of labour force participa- tion of urban women, the larger percentage of women who head households, and the potentially different fam- ily structure and social networks, which may affect the availability of substitute child care. Urban and rural dif- ferences in breastfeeding and complementary feeding pat- terns are also examined to improve our understanding of the potential constraints and opportunities for the pro- motion of processed complementary foods in Latin America. Programmatic issues that need to be consid- ered in designing and targeting such interventions in largely urbanized Latin America are also discussed

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