Public funding for education accounts for a substantial share of Burundi’s government annual budget. This chapter provides a benefit incidence analysis of who benefits from public spending for education. The analysis is carried for the main three levels of education (primary, secondary, and higher education including technical and vocational education). The share of students from various quintiles of consumption attending public schools at various levels of schooling are estimated using the latest available multi-purpose household survey, while data on public spending by level of education are obtained from the Ministry of education. The results suggest that despite an increase in funding for primary education and a propoor benefit incidence of public spending at that level, children in the bottom quintiles of well-being still benefit substantially less from total public education spending than students in the top quintiles.