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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Economics of Education Review
Title Economic development, human capital, and gender earnings differentials in China
Volume 23
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2004
Page numbers 587-603
URL https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/ecoedu/v23y2004i6p587-603.html
Gender earnings differentials in China during the course of development in the post-reform period were examined.
The analysis showed that the female–male earnings ratio increased over time in all regions. The region with relatively
rapid economic reforms had the highest female–male earnings ratio. Decomposition of the gender earnings differential
revealed that in the more developed region a lower percentage of the differential could be explained by gender
differences in productive characteristics. Changes in the discriminatory component of the differential by region over
time suggested that both the ‘‘competition’’ effect proposed by Becker [The Economics of Discrimination, 1971] and
the effects of wage decentralization during economic reforms played a different role in the eastern and central regions
versus their role in the western region. Further examination of the sub-components of the explained component of
the differential highlighted the minor role of education in explaining the gender earnings differentials.

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