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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal Women’s Health Care
Title Why Unmet Need for Family Planning Remains High in Bangladesh: A Community Level Analysis
Author(s)
Volume 4
Issue 8
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
URL http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/why-unmet-need-for-family-planning-remains-high-in-bangladesh-a-c​ommunity-level-analysis-2167-0420-1000290.pdf
Abstract
Background: Improving reproductive health (RH) is widely recognized as a key component of social and economic
development. Interaction of different factors such as individual, household and community level covariates plays an
important role in determining the level of unmet need for family planning.
Objectives: The objective of the study is to examine the association between individual, household and community
level covariates with the level of unmet need for family planning in Bangladesh.
Methodology: For the core, analysis data has been extracted from Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey
(BDHS), 2011. Multilevel regression analyses have been employed to explore the relative effects of community,
household level and individual level factors on unmet need for family planning among currently married women.
Results: Results shows that unmet need for contraception marginally declined from 16.8% in 2007 to 13.5% in
2011. Surprisingly the impact of education and wealth index is marginal in determining the level of unmet need. On
the other hand, three community level variables (% women exposed to family planning, % women with ideal number
of children and % women with primary and higher education) significantly associated with the level of unmet need for
family planning in Bangladesh.
Conclusion: Since unmet needs for family planning has multiple advantages for both the individual and society, it
is necessary for the governments to come up with strategies, which can reduce unmet needs.

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