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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Social and Development Sciences
Title Rural Poverty in Botswana: A Gendered Analysis
Volume 7
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 48-58
URL http://ifrnd.org/journal/index.php/jsds/article/view/1235/1221
We model the determinants of rural poverty in Botswana by conducting an empirical analysis
of household welfare using the 2009/10 Botswana Core Welfare Indicator survey (BCWIS) to identify
such factors associated with rural poverty. The paper found that female headed households, especially
those residing in rural areas have higher incidences of poverty than male headed households. The study
also found gender (male), education, employment, livestock ownership and access to amenities as factors
that positively related with welfare for all rural households and the results were consistent across both
FHHs and MHHs models, except for a few factors such as livestock ownership. Household size and
dependency ratios negatively related with welfare. However, dependency ratio did not influence welfare
amongst MHHs since such households are characterised by fewer dependents unlike the FHHs. Creation
of employment opportunities in rural areas is key in helping the government in its poverty eradication
efforts in rural areas. The paper also concludes that FHHs in rural areas must be made a special target of
poverty eradication programmes, and a well focused gender specific intervention for poverty eradication
initiatives is needed. Moreover, rural development strategies should emphasize the provision of
agricultural infrastructure, promotion of agricultural productivity growth through improved technology
adoption, as well as provision of basic services such as water, sanitation and electricity in rural areas.

Related studies

Lekobane, Khaufelo Raymond, and Keneilwe S Mooketsane. "Rural Poverty in Botswana: A Gendered Analysis." Journal of Social and Development Sciences 7, no. 1 (2016): 48-58.
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