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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Women’s Health and Wellness
Title Relationship between Socio Demographic Characteristics and HIV Indicators among Women in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia and Malawi Based on DHS Data
Author(s)
Volume 2
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 1-9
Abstract
In sub-Saharan Africa women have disproportionately higher HIV
prevalence than men. This is in spite of the wide availability of HIV
information, condoms and HIV testing services. UNAIDS has proposed
that due to women’s fear of stigma and rejection by their partners,
women are not able to seek HIV testing and other HIV services. In
order to inform targeted programming for women it is important to
examine to what extent women in Africa have attained HIV information
and positive attitudes and whether these have been transformed into
preventive behavior and ultimately reduction in HIV risk. In addition, it
is vital to delineate the influence of socio demographic characteristics
on the behavior change pathway of women.
We analyzed cross-sectional data from demographic health surveys
(DHS) conducted between 2010 and 2014 in Kenya, Tanzania,
Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia and Malawi. The data showed that
only 48% had comprehensive knowledge and that younger, rural,
unmarried and poorer women were more likely to have low levels
of HIV knowledge compared to older, urban, married and richer
women respectively. The data also showed that while 75% of the
respondents supported refusal of sex and 85% supported demand
of condom use with a husband in case of suspected extra-marital
sex women with certain characteristics- younger, less educated,
poorer women- were less supportive of, and likely less motivated
to undertake, sexual negotiation. The analysis also shows that
71% of the respondents had ever been tested for HIV but again
women with certain characteristics- younger, rural, less educated,
unmarried and poorer- had significantly lower odds of having ever
been tested for HIV.
We therefore, recommend that national HIV/AIDS programs
undertake to examine barriers hindering younger, rural, less
educated, unmarried and poorer women from accessing
comprehensive HIV information, gender empowerment
interventions, female and male condom supplies as well as HIV
testing services. Specific strategies tailored to women of these
characteristics should be developed and rolled out targeting these
women.

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