Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - World Development
Title Female-Headed Households and Living Conditions in Latin America
Author(s)
Volume 90
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 311-328
URL https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Chia_Liu6/publication/309708125_Female-Headed_Households_and_Li​ving_Conditions_in_Latin_America/links/5821a28c08ae40da2cb77910.pdf
Abstract
This study investigates the rise in female headship in Latin America and its relationship with changing living arrangements
and household living conditions. Understanding the family situation of the household head is essential in assessing living conditions in
the region of Latin America. We answer two main questions: first, how have the increase of union instability influenced trends in female
headship? Second, are female-headed households in poorer living conditions than male-headed households? We use Integrated Public
Use Microdata Series-International (IPUMS-I) census microdata for 14 Latin American countries, focusing on women aged 35 and
44 from 1970 to the present day. Our study finds that in most countries, women are increasingly likely to head households regardless
of union status. The union status, more so than the sex of the household head, is more telling of the living conditions of the household.
Female householders are, in fact, less likely to reside in materially poor households after controlling for union status (e.g., single parenthood,
divorce, cohabitation) in many countries. Our results highlight the nuance of family situations and female empowerment leading
to headship. Policy makers should review differences in rights and entitlement between marital and non-marital couples, upward
mobility and opportunities for women, and develop strategies that alleviate single earner households.

Related studies

»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»