Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Title Outcomes in HIV-infected adults with tuberculosis at clinics with and without co-located HIV clinics in Botswana
Author(s)
Volume 17
Issue 10
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 1298-1303
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4104161/
Abstract
SETTING

Gaborone, Botswana.

OBJECTIVE

To determine if starting anti-tuberculosis treatment at clinics in Gaborone without co-located human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinics would delay time to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and be associated with lower survival compared to starting anti-tuberculosis treatment at clinics with on-site HIV clinics.

DESIGN

Retrospective cohort study. Subjects were HAART-naïve, aged ≥21 years with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), HIV and CD4 counts ≤250 cells/mm3 initiating anti-tuberculosis treatment between 2005 and 2010. Survival at completion of anti-tuberculosis treatment or at 6 months post-treatment initiation and time to HAART after anti-tuberculosis treatment initiation were compared by clinic type.

RESULTS

Respectively 259 and 80 patients from clinics without and with on-site HIV facilities qualified for the study. Age, sex, CD4, baseline sputum smears and loss to follow-up rate were similar by clinic type. Mortality did not differ between clinics without or with on-site HIV clinics (20/250, 8.0% vs. 8/79, 10.1%, relative risk 0.79, 95%CI 0.36–1.72), nor did median time to HAART initiation (respectively 63 and 66 days, P = 0.53).

CONCLUSION

In urban areas where TB and HIV programs are separate, geographic co-location alone without further integration may not reduce mortality or time to HAART initiation among co-infected patients.

Related studies

»