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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - The Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy: Experience from Developing Countries
Title Fiscal policy and redistribution in the Dominican Republic
Issue 46
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
This paper assesses whether limited redistributive effect of fiscal policy in the Dominican Republic has slowed improvements in poverty and inequality during a period of strong economic growth. Departing from the Commitment to Equity methodology for fiscal incidence analysis (Lustig and Higgins, 2013) this paper introduces new methodological considerations and addresses the time gap between the current fiscal structure (2013) and the latest available household survey (2007) by deflating public revenue and spending data to 2007 prices. Results show that fiscal policy in the Dominican Republic is overall progressive given that, compared to other countries, the fiscal system achieves intermediate levels of inequality reduction (5 Gini points) through direct and indirect taxes, transfers and subsidies, and it generates very little horizontal inequality. At the same time, the impact of direct transfers on poverty reduction is modest, due to the limited cash amounts granted, and there seems to be scope to boosting revenue and enhancing progressivity by revising tax exemptions and indirect electricity subsidies.

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