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Citation Information

Type Working Paper
Title Rural livelihood diversification: A household adaptive strategy against flood variability in the Okavango Delta, Botswana
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
URL http://ubrisa.ub.bw/jspui/bitstream/10311/1339/1/Motsholatheko _ AGR _2012.pdf
Abstract
This paper assesses the role of livelihood diversification in household adaptation to flood
variability in the Okavango Delta, and locates it within the global discourse on adaptation to
climate variability and change in developing countries. The contribution of livelihood activities
to household income, level of livelihood diversity and the relationship between livelihood
diversification and adaptation to flood variability was determined. Data from a survey of 623
households in five villages, focus group discussions and key informant interviews confirmed
livelihood diversification as an important strategy for household adaptation to flood variability
in the Delta. However, the household income portfolio was dominated by public transfers,
underscoring the weak socio-economic status of the households and the effects of multiple
shocks over and above flood variability. The study concludes that livelihood diversification and
other household adaptive strategies may be sufficient for current flood variations, but may be
inadequate for dealing with global climate variability and change in future.

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