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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Health Sciences and Research
Title Nutritional Status and School Performance among Upper Primary Children in Selected Public Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya
Volume 6
Issue 12
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 227-234
URL http://www.ku.ac.ke/schools/human_sciences/images/Nutrition_Status.pdf
Background/Aim: School-age is a critical period during which adequate nutrition is considered an
important factor that affects learning capabilities. There is an emergence of the dual burden of
malnutrition among children in urban setups like Nairobi and yet there is limited information on the
effect of these on school performance. Research has shown that nutritional status affects children’s
development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status
on school performance among children in upper primary in selected public schools in Nairobi County,
Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical study. The study comprised of randomly selected 256
children from public schools within Nairobi County.
Results: The study confirmed that there is concurrent dual burden of malnutrition among adolescent
school children in Nairobi County; (8.6% were overweight while 9% were undernourished). Children
with higher Z-scores/ BMI were found to be more likely to be inactive during field games and they
preferred sitting in the field during physical activities (P ≤ 0.05). Children within normal weight for
their age showed higher chances of performing well in classroom activities such as completion of
assignments (P ≤ 0.05). However, the study showed no correlation between nutritional status and
Conclusion: Children’s nutritional status influences their school performance in extra-curriculum
activities namely; filed games and school clubs as well as completion of homework assignments.

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