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Type Journal Article - European Journal of Education Studies
Title Perceptions of high school students on the need for sex education in secondary schools, Eldoret Municipality, Kenya
Author(s)
Volume 3
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 165-179
URL http://oapub.org/edu/index.php/ejes/article/view/421
Abstract
It is estimated that 23% of the girls in secondary schools in Kenya drop out of school
each year as a result of teenage pregnancy. Findings of the Kenya Aids Indicator Survey
of 2007 indicate that the HIV and STI prevalence rate is 7 for Rift Valley province, that
is, 7 out of every 1000 people have HIV and STI. The drop-out rate for girls in Uasin
Gishu district is Ř.ŗ% while that of boys’ stands at Ř.Ś%, according to Uasin Gishu
development plan 2002 -2007. This is attributed to factors such as HIV, STIs and teenage
pregnancies among others. In response to the rising number of HIV, STIs and teenage
pregnancies and the resultant dropout rates in schools, the Ministry of Education
intended to introduce sex education in secondary schools in Kenya to create awareness
on the consequences of sex abuse in order to reduce school dropout rate on teenage
pregnancies and STIs related infections. Debates on introduction of Sex Education in
schools rages on and a lot of studies have been done on the pros and cons of this. But
the opinion of children has not been sought. However, the intentions of the ministry
were not realized because religious groups opposed it. In African indigenous culture,
children are not consulted in decision making, but according to the United Nations
Convention of 1989, children have a right to access information, participate and take
responsibility in the society. Hence, need to seek their views. Therefore, this study
sought to find out the perception of secondary school students on the need for sex
education in secondary schools in Eldoret municipality, Kenya. Perceptions are vital
since they shape students behaviour and attitudes towards their sexuality as well as
morality. The research design for this study was a cross sectional descriptive survey
aimed at collecting qualitative and quantitative primary data from students on theirperceptions on the need for sex education. This was done through structured
questionnaires and focus group discussions. A sample of 325 students was obtained
through stratified and simple random sampling. The findings of the study showed that
53% of the students perceived the need to introduce of Sex Education in schools and so
the idea is perhaps worth revisiting. The researcher therefore concludes that many
students’ perceptions’ towards introduction of sex education in secondary schools is
positive.

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