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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Southern African Journal of Demography
Title The Role of Proximate Determinants in Fertility Transition: A Comparative Study of Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2001
Page numbers 29-35
URL http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/20853254
Abstract
This paper applies the original and the extended version of Bongaarts' models of the proximate determinants of fertility as a means of pulling together three of the proximate determinants (marriage, contraception and breast feeding). The Demographic and Health Surveys data are used to investigate the changes within and between the countries in order to determine the extent of fertility change and fertility-inhibiting factor(s) most responsible for change.The result shows fertility has been declining in Botswana and Zimbabwe and has just begun in Zambia. Although currently breastfeeding is the major factor for the depressed fertility in all countries, the effect of modern contraception appears to be the major factor behind the fertility decline. There is also evidence to suggest the delayed marriage is assuming a significant role in the fertility transition, particularly in Botswana.

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