Every year, four million infants die within their first month of life, representing nearly 40 per-cents of all deaths of children under age 5 globally. In Kenya, neonatal mortality is 31 per 1000 live births with neonates contributing 42% of the under-five mortality while in North Eastern province (which hosts Garissa County the area of study) under-five mortality was 33 per 1000 with neonatal mortality contributing to 60% of infant mortality in the region. Delivery by a skilled birth attendant has remained low at 32% in this region with only 17% of births occurring in a health facility. Therefore understanding newborn care practices in the home environment where most newborns are born is essential in order to develop appropriate approaches for reducing neonatal mortality. The aim of this study was therefore to establish the newborn care practices (thermal care, cord care and breastfeeding) in the community among post-natal mothers in Garissa County, Kenya. A cross-sectional study design was used to evaluate newborn care practices in seven community units. Data was collected from 421 respondents from a randomly selected sample of postnatal mothers who had delivered in the past one year preceeding the study period in the community of study. Data was collected through semi-structured questionnaires, key informant interviews and focused group discussions. Data was analyzed using STATA. Chisquare and logistic regression were to test for association between the various explanatory factors and the newborn care practices. A total of 421 respondents were interviewed. The mean age of the respondents was 24 (SD 5) years with majority 70% between 20-29years.