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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - World Development
Title What’s So Spatial about Diversification in Nigeria?
Volume 95
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 231-253
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X17300554
Many households in developing countries allocate their productive assets among various income generating activities in order to develop a portfolio of income from occupations with different degrees of risk, expected returns and seasonal and liquidity constraints. The push and pull factors influencing diversification decisions of households are widely discussed in the literature; however, no study to date has taken into account spatial interdependence of household decisions in spite of various channels of neighborhood effects such as information flow, learning from others, social networks and agglomeration economies. This paper fills in the gap by incorporating spatial dependence in the choice model of diversification using a spatial auto-regressive probit model and an advanced Bayesian strategy to its estimation.

Empirical analysis is run taking advantage of the Nigerian General Household Survey Panel, 2010–11 providing GIS coordinates for the surveyed households. The results imply endogeneity of the neighbors’ decisions to allocate their productive assets among various occupations and signal the importance of social learning and agglomeration effects favoring the spillover of diversification activities through neighbors’ networks and local markets. The households’ decisions respond to local environment factors such as weather shocks or infrastructural constraints. As shown by the regional differences, taking into account spatial interdependence is particularly important in the event of a wide divide of the data available into different zones, as for example in case of the Nigerian northern region where the states are larger.

Related studies

Corral, Paul, and Natalia Radchenko. "What’s So Spatial about Diversification in Nigeria?." World Development (2017).
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