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Citation Information

Type Thesis or Dissertation - Doctor of Philosophy
Title The determinants and consequences of economic vulnerability among urban elderly Nigerians
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/38487/1/PhD Thesis Olumide Adisa vF.pdf
Abstract
In rapidly urbanising Sub-Saharan African contexts, not much is known about the economic
vulnerability of elderly people and its consequences. Dominant international institutions have
indicated that the economic situation of elderly people in developing countries is precarious,
especially where high levels of poverty and minimal social safety nets are the norm. As a
consequence, the impact of economic vulnerability can be quite punishing on disadvantaged
households with an ageing elderly person. Yet, the case of urban elderly Nigerians has thus far
remained largely unresearched. This thesis represents a quantitative investigation of economic
vulnerability amongst urban elderly Nigerians and its health-related consequences, examined
through a consumption allocation welfare measure. It draws on economic, gerontological, and
sociological perspectives to undertake this task.
The key drivers of economic vulnerability and resulting consequences are likely to be complex
and varied. Urban Elderly Nigerians may be economically vulnerable because they possess
certain pre-disposing characteristics. This study is concerned with investigating these associated
determinants of economic vulnerability amongst urban elderly Nigerians using a recent
nationally representative household survey—the Nigerian General Household Panel Survey
(NGHPS), which was collected by the National Bureau of Statistics in 2010. The first part of
the study examines the determinants of economic vulnerability, through the use of a
consumption allocation model.
The findings of this study reveal that the age of the household head, household size, household
structure, and regional location, are key determinants of economic vulnerability amongst urban
elderly households in Nigeria. As a consequence, does economic vulnerability (represented by
consumption allocation) influence health status and spending amongst elderly Nigerian
households? I extracted useful data from the NGHPS to address this pertinent question. This is
the second part of the study. The findings suggest that economic vulnerability is strongly related
to health status and health spending. This thesis highlights key methodological challenges in
using a secondary data source to study economic vulnerability amongst elderly people in a
developing country context. The study also offers some policy options to tackle economic
vulnerability among elderly households in urban Nigeria, and its health-related consequences.

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Adisa, Olumide Oludolapo. "The determinants and consequences of economic vulnerability among urban elderly Nigerians." Doctor of Philosophy, University of Nottingham, 2016.
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