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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Botswana Notes and Records
Title Patterns and differentials of migration in Botswana
Author(s)
Volume 46
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 72-83
URL http://ubrisa.ub.bw/bitstream/handle/10311/1674/490-1567-1-PB.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
Abstract
Migration is an important component of population growth and it has signifi cant social and economic
implications for a country. In this paper we analyse the patterns and differentials of internal migration
in Botswana using the 2011 Population and Housing Census (PHC) data. Both lifetime migrations and
short-duration migration have been analysed. The study noted that the volume of internal migrations
has increased over the years and patterns also changed over time. During the period 2010-2011, there
were about 165 thousands in-migrations and 149 thousands out-migrations in Botswana. As regards
the international migrations, the study noted that an emigration of 1203 persons and immigration of
17,375 persons during 2010-2011 was realised. The major destinations for immigration are Gaborone
and Kweneng East. Among the immigrations more than 50% of them were from Zimbabwe. As regards
the migrations differentials the propensity to migrate is almost the same for both males and females.
This is in contrast to most developing countries. The propensity to migrate is greater among adults (15-
34 age), the educated, those who have never married, those living together, Christians, the employed,
jobseekers and students. To conclude, the fl ow of movements among the population is likely to increase
in the future and therefore appropriate policies needs to be developed to meet the demands created due
to migrations. These demands are in the form of services such as housing, water, sanitation and other
infrastructural facilities.

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